Sounds like A glass of orange juice for Breakfast, an Apple juice for lunch and in the afternoon, a Shake with Mango: healthy? It is not, however, at least if you Believe the result of a new US study. The study was published a few days ago in the journal “Jama” and is shared ever since diligently in the network. The Tenor of the coverage: fruit juices are quite deadly. Can that be?
The research team led by Lindsay Collin is the question of how the consumption of sugary drinks affects the health. For this you will have evaluated the data of 13.440 people from the Regards study. The researchers both sugar-containing soft consider drinks such as pure fruit juices and come to an alarming conclusion: The U.S. researchers noted that fruit juices could be even more harmful to health than Coca-Cola or lemonade. A large glass of juice of the day (350 milliliters) is increased, therefore, the risk of premature death by almost a quarter (24 percent). The same amount of Cola increased the risk by 11 percent.
Are Cola and lemonade are automatically healthier? Quite so simple it is not. The Numbers are alarming – really surprising but they are not. Also, the study has some weaknesses that could have influenced the result.
fruit juices have a better Image as lemonade and Cola right?
©Rawpixel are the weaknesses of the juice StudieBei of the study is an observational study. This Type of study has a key weakness: although they may show correlations, but not cause-and-effect prove. The data suggest that people who drink a lot of fruit juices, have an increased risk of Mortality. Why don’t you explain but. The result may differently interpret: Under certain circumstances, participants in the study were already hitting the health and drank juices more fruit, as these have a better Image than soft drinks. Also this could explain the increased mortality. Of the 13.440 study participants period of 168 people to the consequences of coronary heart disease (CHD) died during the six years of observation – such as a heart attack. 1000 more deaths were attributed to other reasons. The low value of the CHD deaths is surprising, because cardiovascular diseases apply in many Western Nations, including Germany, as the most common cause of death. The regular Drinking of fruit juices Leiden on the risk for cardiovascular effect is due to the small case figures do not say. Further investigations would need to be made.The participants in the study have their eating and drinking habits given on the basis of a questionnaire – this type of survey is prone to miscalculations. The participants were interviewed only once, namely at the beginning of the study. Subsequent Changes in the dining plan could be recorded and evaluated. This is problematic, because lifestyle-related diseases are the result of a continuous, many-year-long process – less of a single, brief snapshot.The study works with a very large amount of information which could drink most people will never be, anyway: The risk of death is, therefore, in the case of people who drink 350 milliliters of juice of the day, a 24 percent increase. A conventional glass holds about 250 milliliters. The results of the “European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition-Netherlands study,”which show that a moderate juice consumption could be beneficial for the health of: people, the approximately 200 milliliters of juice in the week (stand up!) drank, had a 17 percent lower risk for cardiovascular diseases. Also, the risk of stroke decreased by 24 percent.
the results of The study are nevertheless interesting. Why? The effect of juices on health, it is hardly scientific studies, even if they are often marketed as a healthy Alternative to soft drinks. “Fruit juices are regarded as a healthier Alternative to sugared beverages,” writes Marta Guasch-Ferre of the “Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health” in a text accompanying the study. “They often contain as much sugar and as many calories as soft drinks. Although the sugar in pure fruit juices naturally occurring and not added, is to stop the biological reaction to the Metabolites (or degradation of a substance; Anm. d. Red.) in Essence, the same.”
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125 milliliters of red wine with an alcohol content of 13 Vol.% bring it to about 101 calories. The same amount put in a bar of milk chocolate (107 kilocalories).
©Getty images/Picture Alliance
The negative effects of sugared soft drinks has been proven In larger amounts of drinking increase the risk for tooth decay, Obesity, type 2 Diabetes, fatty liver and cardiovascular disease.
How much fruit juice is healthy? The experts
to say the results of The study are not likely to be for the professional societies as a surprise. The German nutrition society (DGE) recommends anyway, to eat the fruit as a Whole. Two servings of fruits and three servings of vegetables should be at least of the day. Fruit juices as well as sodas are recommended according to the experts, less. “They contain a lot of sugar and so many calories,” writes the DGE in your ten rules for a healthy diet. As a thirst quencher, you will need to be “unfit” – as well as Cola and juice drinks, fizzy drinks, nectars, iced teas, milk or fruit drinks.
What it should be instead? The DGE recommends water and unsweetened herbal or fruit teas. “Juice spritzers with 3 Parts water and 1 part juice are also suitable as the liquid supplier.”
the British health authority, the NHS advises, fruit juices to drink only sparingly: “When fruits are juiced, the sugar is set free.” This released sugar can damage the teeth, especially in the case of frequent consumption. Critical is also that fruit juices provide less fiber than whole fruit. They saturate less good, but still calories in the Form of sugar.
On the other hand, contain fruit juice vitamins that can benefit health. The NHS speak for a kind of compromise: fruit Juices are, according to experts, in order, if they are only drinking in moderation. More than 150 milliliters of fruit juice or Smoothies of the day not should it be. This is a quantity that fits in a small glass.
It is, as so often in the field of nutrition: The dose makes the poison.
sources: Association of Sugary Beverage Consumption With Mortality Risk in US Adults (Jama) is / Are Fruit Juices Just as Unhealthy as Sugar-Sweetened Beverages? (Jama)