Seven percent of school beginners in Germany are not protected, according to a newspaper report adequately against measles. The leaves of the Funke media group quote vaccination rates, from a new statistics from the Robert Koch-Institute (RKI). Accordingly, in the year 2017, while the overall level 97.1 percent of school-beginners, the first vaccination. In the decisive second measles vaccination, the number declined, according to the report, in contrast, slightly more than 93 percent.

The worst rates for the second measles vaccination of young schoolchildren there were in the state of Baden-Württemberg (89.1 percent) and Saarland (90.5 percent). The vaccination rates in school beginners were good, but not good enough, said the Federal Minister of health, Jens Spahn (CDU), the spark-media. “It is only when more than 95 percent against measles are vaccinated, we can eradicate this dangerous infectious disease.” Therefore, this vaccine should be mandatory.

pediatricians would point to problems with the vaccines. “In Germany, no single vaccine against measles is currently available,” said Thomas Fischbach, President of the Federal Association of child and youth doctors (BVKJ). He was just as a Triple – or quadruple vaccine available, along with the vaccines for Mumps, rubella, and against chickenpox. “It would not make sense in the Wake of a measles vaccination back to simple vaccines to return,” said Fischbach. “It would be better to make the triple vaccination against measles, Mumps and rubella.”

What vaccinations are recommended for who reveals our Glossary. More articles on Vaccination, the doctors ‘ recommendations, and possible risks you will find on this page.

vaccinations: Recommended and useful? Measles: No autism by MMR after one year of injection, virus

The typical symptoms are high fever and red rectangular rash, the virus through coughing, Sneezing and direct contact with Patients. In 2015, every hour, killed 15 people, the disease could be exterminated in Germany a long time ago (see the world health organization). About one out of 1,000 Patients die, according to the Robert Koch-Institute. Especially infants can be vaccinated, and measles can get, are more vulnerable than previously thought to developing a life-threatening brain inflammation, which can occur six to eight years after infection. In one of the 609 cases, suffering baby to the inflammation that cause permanent damage, in coma, or fatal Wendorf et al (., 2016).

Who should be vaccinated? Each. Only if the population is widely vaccinated to at least 95 percent of the otherwise highly contagious infection no more Chance. In Germany, the vaccination Coverage varies, however, for years considerably, especially by Region. Depending on the state it was in 2015, between 89 per cent (Baden-Württemberg) and 96 percent (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern) (Epidemiological Bulletin, 16/2017).

when? The first vaccination is recommended for children of twelve months, the second vaccination, the protection to be complete, should be up to the second birthday. There are vaccines only against measles, often the vaccination is carried out in combination against Mumps and rubella, that is why it is called the MMR vaccine. In Germany, too few people are currently still mainly a second Time vaccinated, especially at a young age. Therefore, it always comes back to part of larger outbreaks. Until a short time prior to Enrollment, many parents let their children the second vaccination. In the year 2015, there were so nationwide, approximately 180,000 small children were not sufficiently protected against measles, because they were still too young to be vaccinated.

there Are risks? The measles vaccination is well tolerated and significantly less risky than a disease. It protects two Vaccinated effectively in up to 99 percent of the cases of infection. Nevertheless, there are serious allegations, especially against the MMR vaccine. They are backed up today, unplugged, and sometimes. The vaccination does not cause autism. This lie goes back to, compromised and faulty results of the study of a man: The doctor, Andrew Wakefield, had made the connection in 1998 and insecure in order to today’s parents. Wakefield has been withdrawn in the UK his approval and his study, withdrawn and in a number of studies disproved. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) lists some of them.

polio (Poliomyelitis): is The vaccine eradicate the disease in many countries as an infant, injection, virus

Mostly, Polio is not noticed. Although the disease is highly contagious, but hardly anyone shows symptoms. Alone in five percent of cases of the virus in the body, fever, sore throat, sweating – this is annoying like a flu, but after a few days without consequences. Critically, the remaining five percent are: One to two weeks after the symptoms of a brain skin inflammation, which can lead to paralysis.

Nowadays, especially children in developing countries are at risk. Europe is considered free since 2002 as Polio. Because the disease in this country is no longer a significant threat, recommends that the Standing Committee on vaccination (STIKO) since 1998, only the Inactivated vaccine (IPV). Who is vaccinated is protected from paralysis that may spread the pathogens further.

Who should be vaccinated? All infants and young toddlers. Depending on whether it is a single or a combination vaccine, two or four injections for protection.

when? The first vaccination is carried out from the age of the second month of life, so that, from the ninth week. It injections follow after completion of the third and fourth month of life. The last dose at the end of the first year of life. At the age of nine to 17 years of age the vaccination should be refreshed again.

there Are risks? Will be vaccinated, usually in combination against Tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, Hib and Hepatitis B. It is, therefore, a six-fold vaccine that children get. Side effects are rare, mostly mild and not more frequent than in the case of single vaccines (Human vaccines: Reinert, Philippe, et al., 2006). With the combined vaccine, it needs fewer injections and Vaccinations, which reduces pain, time, and cost. Unwanted reactions of the harmless kind, for instance redness, pain and swelling at the injection site. In single cases, one out of 10,000 Vaccinated – it can lead to a febrile seizure, which remains without consequences.

It has, however, the rumor that the vaccine is dangerous to life and children died because of it. In fact, the means of Infanrix hexa were GlaxoSmithKline and Hexavac, Sanofi Pasteur MSD, were approved in the year 2000, under suspicion of being potentially harmful. Within three years, five children had died within 24 hours after vaccination, all of a sudden. In the same period approximately three million children had been vaccinated.

A direct connection, doctors have been able to demonstrate, instead, the European medicines Agency has refuted the allegations in 2003. A conclusion: “The benefits of vaccination outweigh the risks by Far”, the vaccines should continue to be used.

Hexavac was withdrawn in 2005, however, from the market. Not because he is harmful, but because he protects in the combination is probably not for life against Hepatitis B. Since 2013, a third Six-fold vaccine with Hexyon approved.

HPV (Human papilloma virus): vaccination against cancer injection, virus

Human papilloma virus (HPV), usually during Sex, even during Oral and anal sex, transmitted and cause various types of cancer, especially cervical cancer and cancer of the mouth and throat, on the Penis and the Anus. According to the Robert Koch Institute each year are diagnosed 6.250 girls and women and 1,600 boys and men of melanoma cancer, an HPV-infection. 1,500 to 1,600 women die from HPV-associated cervical cancer, with more than 50,000 a curettage of the cervix must be made.

Who should be vaccinated? The Standing Committee on vaccination recommends that all the girls vaccination against human papilloma virus. With the publication of its recommendations 2018/2019 in the Epidemiological Bulletin 34/2018 (at the end of August 2018) will expand the recommendation for HPV vaccination. Then the recommendation for HPV vaccination is also for boys.

when? Best if the children get the vaccine at the age of nine to 14 years. Missed? No Problem: have the vaccination just as early as possible to catch up – until the age of 17 years is possible.

one more important note: The vaccination is also after the first Sex nor useful. And even if the young person has been infected, the vaccine will still protect against the other vaccine HPV types.

there Are risks? It may briefly cause swelling, redness and pain at the injection site. Also Vaccinated reported increasingly from dizziness. Apart from that, however, it is “a very safe vaccine”, as well as the stresses of the Robert-Koch-Institute (RKI). Have been reported according to the RKI, “since the recommendation of vaccination in 2007, no serious adverse reactions were causally associated with HPV vaccination”. This is consistent with the statements of the world health organization, the Global Advisory Committee on Vaccine Safety (GACVS), since 2007, a regular assessment of safety data for HPV vaccination.

It is circulating the rumor that vaccination could lead to serious diseases. The basic observations among young people in Denmark. This connection, however, is not durable, such as a Cochrane study shows.

Hepatitis B: Vaccination against chronic ailments, and liver damage as an infant, injection life-long protection virus

300,000 to 650,000 people in Germany to have permanently Hepatitis B. Nausea and vomiting belonging to the disease, the longer the Virus is active, the more liver damage. Therefore, the probability, especially among young patients is greater, that complaints become chronic: In the case of infected newborns, it is 90 per cent, in the case of small children, at 40 to 70 percent.

Who should be vaccinated? Since 1995, a vaccine for all infants, it is recommended that small children and young people. According to the Robert Koch-Institute, however, vaccination rates vary depending on the state, between approximately 79 percent in Baden-Württemberg and around 97 percent, for example, in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

when? Vaccination in infancy is vaccination consists of four Part. The first is the age of the second month of life possible, with completion of the third month of life, the second follows from the fourth month of life ended in the third and the last is given at the end of the first year of life (11.-14. Month of life). Everything is maintained, according to current knowledge, no further vaccination in the course of life is necessary.

there Are risks? No effect without side effects: As with any medication, the body reacts to the vaccination. How strong, is very different. Most people – even infants and young toddlers have no complaints, less than one out of 10,000, it comes to a febrile seizure. Long-term consequences are not known. The primary vaccination can also be vaccinated against Tetanus, diphtheria, poliomyelitis (Polio), whooping cough (Pertussis) and Hib. This reduces the number of Impfspritzen, reduces pain for the small child, saves time and costs.

the flu (Influenza): The vaccine for most children is not a Must as an infant, injection, virus

a Dry, irritating cough and an unusually strong fatigue are typical signs of a flu. Similarly, a high fever and head and body aches. Every year, the virus to beat – as strong, cannot be predicted.

Who should be vaccinated? The Robert Koch Institute recommends vaccination currently available for people 60 years or older, the chronically Ill and Pregnant women, because these risk groups are affected by an infection. Children should get the drug only by default, if you have Asthma or heart or circulation – they were generally weakened what let the risk for complications increase. This is the view of the U.S. epidemic authority CDC, but also stresses that children under two years of age are exposed to a strong risk, and therefore recommends to vaccinate you.

when? Vaccinated mothers pass on antibodies to your Unborn, so that the infant is protected in the first few months of life, from the flu to a large extent. From six months, children can be vaccinated then theoretically. A one-time vaccination, the best in the fall – usually provides, such as in adults, adequate protection for the entire flu season.

there Are risks? The vaccination is generally well tolerated. It comes occasionally to light reactions, such as mild pain, redness and swelling at the injection site, or a stuffy or runny nose.

As the viruses convert every year, also differ to the vaccines in Detail. The world health organization defines each year the exact composition, usually different strains of the Virus are included, then the authorisation will be re-examined. First wenn has then released the Paul-Ehrlich-Institute of the Mediterranean, it will be released for trading in Germany.

Important: ask your doctor what the vaccine is. If you have an Allergy to chicken protein or other constituents, he will decide whether the vaccination is actually useful, or a bigger health risk than the Virus carries with it. The same is true for people with Asthma or a clinical immune deficiency.

Tetanus: One out of ten Infected die as an infant, injection, bacteria

Who is injured, for example, of nails, wood splinters or thorns, can become infected with Tetanus. Because the disease can lead to paralysis of the facial muscles, and spasms around the larynx and in the chest, is referred to the disease as well as tetanus. Ten to 20 percent of patients die. This illness is caused by the resilient rod-shaped bacteria Clostridium (C.) tetani, and leaves a harmful poison.

Who should be vaccinated? Since Tetanus pathogens are widespread in the soil, should infants and toddlers be protected early against Tetanus. The mother is vaccinated, to young infants up to four months.

when? The first vaccination is performed from the ninth week, the second with the age of the third and the third with the completion of the fourth month of life. The last part of the vaccination is to give Doctors at the end of the first year of life (11.-14. Month of life). In consequence, it is important to vaccinate on a regular basis: five-to-six years, at the age of nine until 17, and then every ten years.

there Are risks? The vaccine protects against Hib, diphtheria, Polio, whooping cough and Hepatitis B. It is, therefore, a six-fold vaccine that children get. Side effects are rare, mostly mild and not more frequent than in the case of single vaccines (Human vaccines: Reinert, Philippe, et al., 2006). So it needs fewer injections and Vaccinations, which reduces pain, time, and cost. Unwanted reactions of the harmless kind about pain (around eight out of ten people), and swelling at the injection sites in one of four. In single cases, one out of 10,000 Vaccinated – it can lead to a febrile seizure, remain mostly unpunished. Allergic reactions as with any vaccine possible. If in doubt, ask your doctor.

Mumps: Proof of vaccination against goat Peter after a year of injection, virus

The first symptoms resemble the flu: fever, cough, headache. A add a or bilateral swelling of the parotid gland. The Transmission occurs mainly by droplet and direct contact with Saliva, such as Kissing. Almost ten percent of Patients get a inflammation of the brain. In rare cases, inflammation of the pancreas, or inflammation of the auditory nerve occurs, which can lead to permanent hearing damage.

Who should be vaccinated? People who care directly to patients, as well as all of the young toddlers, children and adolescents who still have no protection. Two syringes that contained medium at the same time protects against measles and rubella, hence the Name MMR vaccination. A single vaccine.

when? Between the 11. to 14. Month is recommended for the first vaccination. At the earliest four weeks and at the latest, at 23 months, the second should follow. For MMR vaccination of infants under nine months of comprehensive data on efficacy and safety are lacking, they can indirectly protect the people are vaccinated in your environment.

there Are risks? The MMR vaccination is one of the safest and most effective vaccinations that Doctors currently have available. However, there are several rumors: It is said, for example, the vaccination contributes to young people developing Diabetes. According to the current scientific knowledge, however, there is no evidence (questions & answers the competent Paul-Ehrlich-Institut).

it is claimed that the MMR vaccine was dangerous for children to egg protein allergic. “The chicken protein in the vaccine, however, is not the same protein as in a chicken egg and in the MMR vaccine, only present in small quantities,” according to the Federal centre for health education. In addition, studies have shown that the vast majority can tolerate the vaccine (see, for example, BMJ: Khakoo & coating, 2000, and Pediatrics: Patya A et al., 2001). Questions to allergic reactions should be discussed with the doctor.

And then there’s the autism-lie. Responsible for the rumor a study by Andrew Wakefield, published in 1998. It included methodological errors and manipulations, also followed Wakefield’s financial interests. In 2010, the article was completely, Wakefield lost his medical license in the UK. Since then, there have been published several high quality studies, the evidence of all of that there is no connection between the MMR vaccination and autistic disorders. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) lists some of them.

What to consider: Even a full primary vaccination course of two vaccinations exclude a Mumps disease, not completely, as the RKI in a leaflet. But after a single MMR vaccination, the disease at 64 to 66 percent of the Vaccinated to prevent, after two times vaccination in up to 88 percent.

diphtheria: vaccination the number of cases fell by 90 percent as an infant, injection, bacteria

diphtheria – what is it? The diphtheria bacterium infects the skin or mucous membranes and can spread throughout the body. It is a dangerous poison that can cause harm to organs such as the heart, kidneys and liver permanently.

thanks to high vaccination rates, the disease in Germany is very rare today, there are only individual cases. Nevertheless, the German Standing vaccination Committee strongly recommends the protection, in other countries, diphtheria is still prevalent and thus a danger. Vaccination has reduced, according to the world health organization, the number of cases since the beginning of the campaign in 1974, more than 90 percent.

Who should be vaccinated? Each. Because: Even the one who had in life been diphtheria, is not automatically protected from re-infection. The vaccination is effective.

when? Vaccination in the third, fourth, fifth, and between the 12. 15. Life month provides for the basic immunization, keeps you ten years. There are several single and combination vaccines. Thus, it is possible to vaccinate against Tetanus, polio, pertussis, Hib and Hepatitis B. This reduces the number of Vaccinations and the necessary syringes for the small child. The immune system is not overwhelmed. It is open daily with a myriad of pathogens, exposingrt.

there Are risks? Allergic reactions on the skin or in the respiratory tract have been reported in fewer than one in 1,000 Vaccinated. In individual cases, occurred after a diphtheria vaccination an anaphylactic shock. This is the most severe allergic reaction of the immune system. Within a short time, blood vessels dilate and fluid loss. Such a shock is in the extreme case, an acute life-threatening. In less than one out of 10,000 Vaccinated it comes to diseases of the nervous system.

TBE: Vaccination against meningitis after the tick bite after a year of injection, virus

Particularly in the South of Germany and of Europe, you can catch tick-borne encephalitis, short TBE. The meningeal inflammation is triggered by viruses, which can occur in the body of ticks. When you bite, you can be transferred. Fever, Nausea and vomiting are the first symptoms, and later can develop an inflammation of the meninges, which can lead in few cases to paralysis. The majority of Patients (approximately 70-90 percent) remain free of complaints and are not contagious. Seldom it comes, to severe cases, children survive the infection without problems as adults, from 40 years in about half of cases, brain inflammation of the skin develop.

Who should be vaccinated? It is recommended the vaccination to all that live in high-risk areas and often outside move. So there where lots of ticks are on the road, in the forests of Bavaria, Baden-württemberg, in South Hesse, or in the East of Thuringia. However, you can protect yourself with sturdy footwear and a closed clothes from tick bites. In addition, TBE virus, they exist only in a fraction of the mites and will not be transferred. In Germany, there were 2016, only 348 of TBE cases, and risk areas are already such in which more than one case per 100,000 inhabitants in the last five years was registered (about TBE from the Robert Koch Institute). Against the more common tick-transmitted Borrelia bacteria, which can lead to Lyme disease and a brain skin inflammation, protects the TBE-vaccination by the way.

when? Against TBE children can be from one year vaccinated. Vaccines for adults are usually from 12. or 16. Birthday.

there Are risks? 15 percent of children between one and two years and five percent of Three – to Eleven-year-old develop a fever over 38 degrees Celsius. This is sometimes dangerous not to be vaccinated, at least if the children are living in the risk area.Numbness, pain at the injection site and occasional swelling of the lymph nodes. Often fever and malaise. In individual cases, allergic reactions and nervous system can occur damage such as paralysis. In Germany, there is a vanishingly small number of vaccine damage is registered, it last stood at 34 cases in the year 2009, the majority (19 percent), go back to the TBE-vaccination (National vaccination plan, p. 122., 2012). Anyone who is allergic to the chicken protein used in the manufacture of vaccines, or other ingredients that may not be vaccinated.

H. influenzae type b (Hib): Once often fatal for small children, there is now protection as an infant, injection life-long protective bacteria

inflammation of the Hib bacterium in serious diseases such as lung or blood poisoning especially among infants trigger. The pathogen is transmitted by coughing and Sneezing or objects, and leads to lung inflammation, in severe cases, brain inflammation (Meningitis) skin. This disease can develop within a few hours to a life-threatening emergency. Before there was a vaccine, had bacterial Meningitis in the United States, the main cause of death for children under five years of age.

Who should be vaccinated? Since 1990, the vaccination for all infants and for children up to 4 years, such as the Robert-Koch-Institute reported. You will not protect against Haemophilus influenzae type b, the most common pathogens, but other types. Some children will need later on, no catch-up vaccination are protected for a lifetime.

when? Possible for the first time, the vaccination is at the end of the second month of life. There are three additional vaccinations at intervals of four weeks follow vaccines with the Combination, in 11. to 14. Month of life a fourth Time. Usually, Doctors infants vaccinated with a six-fold vaccine. The combination protects against Tetanus, diphtheria, Polio, whooping cough and Hepatitis B. It is useful to reduce the number of Vaccinations and injections. This saves children from unnecessary pain and Fears.

there Are risks? Experts, such as the Standing Committee on vaccination, the Robert Koch Institute or the world health organization, are agreed: The vaccine is extremely safe. Symptoms such as redness or swelling at the injection site pain may occur. As General symptoms, such as Chills or stomach-intestine can occur complaints. No one wants to see his child suffer. But the symptoms disappear on average after one to three days.

side effects are considered to be very rare, they are usually quickly and without consequences. So it comes in single cases of a febrile seizure, also known is a short-term, shock-like state. This is rare and doesn’t last. The Vaccination, however, will.

pneumococcal vaccine: Two vaccines are recommended for infants as an infant, injection, bacteria –

Streptococcus pneumoniae, skin is responsible for of the brain, lung or ear infections. The greatest health risk due to pneumococcus have infants and small children. Two to ten percent of Patients the disease is fatal in about 15 percent gain lasting damage. A disease is rare, in Germany, between 500 and 600 cases per year have occurred in the past few years, shows a query of the financial data.

Who should be vaccinated? The vaccination is recommended by the Standing Committee on vaccination only until the end of the second year of life. From the age of 60, the body provides for a one-time vaccination, in addition, it recommends that the protection for certain at-risk groups. In Germany, there are three different pneumococcal vaccines are on the market. Which is the what is suitable for who, exactly, is not here defined.

when? Since 2015, a first in the age of two months, the second four are recommended for infants, only three vaccinations, the last six months later, at the age of 11 to 14 months. Two vaccines are recommended, PCV10, and PCV13. Prevent such diseases, three-quarters of serious pneumococcal.

there Are risks? There may be the usual Symptoms, redness, and swelling at the injection site, for example. MancHey kids, react in the first three days after vaccination with fever or gastro-intestinal complaints. Is at the same time administered to six-fold vaccine, fever – usually under 39 degrees Celsius – a little more often. In individual cases, the child expires in a state of shock, a few minutes can last up to an hour, but usually without consequences subsides.

whooping cough (Pertussis): Who is vaccinated, it protects also infants as an infant, injection, bacteria

coughing attacks to the point of vomiting – since 2013, the pertussis is nationally notifiable. This illness is caused mainly by the pathogen Bordetella pertussis, a 0.8 x 0.4 micron-sized bacterium. Often it is not so mild that the Infected don’t even notice that you are sick. Risk: The infection is not detected and go unnoticed on infants, by coughing, Sneezing or Talking transferred. The hits, in turn, the pathogen is difficult, it can to seizures and hypertension, even (Clin Microbiol Rev: Mattoo & Cherry, 2005 / Chest: Hartzell & Blaylock, 2014) dangerous to life.

Who should be vaccinated? Mothers do not pass on Leihimmunität, the body may not be able to strike a note of that, he’s been ill once, which is why the pathogen again and again. Recommended for the vaccination is according to for parents and their children.

when? The primary vaccination course consists of four vaccinations: from the age of the second month of life, with the completion of the third month of life, the fourth month of life ended and the last towards the end of the first year of life (11.-14. Month of life). The vaccination should be at the age of five to six years, and at the age of nine to 17 years refreshed.

Usually vaccinate Doctors infants with a six-fold vaccine. The combination protects against Tetanus, diphtheria, Polio, Hib and Hepatitis B. This is for the immune system is not a Problem and, in addition, children do not need to get unnecessary injections. This saves time, pain, and nervous.

there Are risks? A summary of the world health organization shows that The majority of children show no reactions to the vaccine. If you have, you are low. These include swelling at the injection site, vomiting, or fever, occur in one out of four children. After one to three days, the sounds again.

In rare cases, side effects occur. Example: less than one out of 10,000 vaccinated infants, it can lead to a febrile seizure. A combination vaccine is used, the Symptoms and side effects.

in the mid-seventies, had expressed British researchers to the presumption that some vaccines could cause neurological damage. However, a follow-up study, which was based on the same data, has not confirmed (BMJ: Miller, David, et al., 1993). Rather, any study of such a connection is shown (e.g., until today. The Pediatric infectious disease journal: Ray, Paula, et al., 2006).

rubella: Pregnant women and Unborn protects the MMR vaccine after one year of injection, virus

The rubella disease is caused by a virus and is usually mild – such as a cold with a slight fever, swollen lymph nodes and skin rash. In very rare cases, rubella can interfere with blood clotting. It can also lead to inflammation of the meninges. A woman puts on in pregnancy with rubella, has to carry the unborn child to the risk of eye or hearing defects, heart defects, or, less frequently, damage to the brain.

Who should be vaccinated? Every girl and every Boy as well as all women of childbearing age, and people who work in the prenatal care. Because, as the Robert-Koch Institute, writes: “Even if the efficacy of the measles and vaccination will not or only to a limited extent, it has been demonstrated that Rubella so numerous epidemiological observation studies show, nevertheless, the good effectiveness of the vaccine.” Before a vaccine is approved, it must be always clarified that he does not cause serious and frequent damages.

when? At the age of 11. to 14. Month, and at the earliest four weeks after the first vaccination and at the latest, at 23 months. It is recommended two vaccinations, “as between five and ten out of 100 Vaccinated will not be protected by the first vaccination is sufficient,” writes the Federal centre for health education. In the second step, up to 99 build 100 persons Vaccinated.

there Are risks? The vaccination is efficient and safe. Of 10,000 people, 4,000 to 9.000 to rubella are diagnosed, if you are not vaccinated. You have to get the protection, there are just 40 to 270 contagions. The data of the Max-Planck-Institute for research in education.

Persistent a frightening allegation, however: The MMR vaccination, solve autism. But this is a myth, on a flawed, fraudulent investigation to twelve children is from the year 1998. In 2010, the article on the study was even complete, author Andrew Wakefield lost his medical license in the UK. Since then, there have been several high quality studies, the evidence of all of that there is no connection between the MMR vaccination and autistic disorders. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) lists some of them.

Next, there is the concern that the MMR vaccine was dangerous for children to egg protein allergic. Also in this generalized statement is unfounded. “The chicken protein in the vaccine is the same protein as in a chicken egg and in the MMR vaccine, only present in small quantities,” according to the Federal centre for health education. In addition, studies have shown that the vast majority can tolerate the vaccine (see, for example, BMJ: Khakoo & coating, 2000, and Pediatrics: Patya A et al., 2001). Questions to allergic reactions should be discussed with the doctor.

meningococcus C: Twelve types of bacteria there are, the vaccination against C is recommended after one year of injection bacteria

In the nose and throat feel Neisseria meningitidis. The bacteria responsible for meningococcal disease in Germany is extremely rare. The Robert Koch Institute (RKI) reported nationwide annually, approximately 89 diseases of type C. There are a total of twelve types, the C, also A, B, W135 and Y. get common inflammation Two-thirds of the people infected, brain skin. One out of every Ten is “a particularly severe Form of septic shock”, also relates to the adrenal glands, which often ends fatally. Symptoms in young children are Crying out thus, fever, vomiting, irritability or drowsiness, cramps,. Complications such as seizures or damage to the inner ears, up to and including deafness, are here more frequently than in adults.

Since 2006, is also recommended vaccination against meningococcal type C for children. Since then, significantly fewer children are ill.

Who should be vaccinated? Among other things, the health of vulnerable people, whose immune system is weakened. This can be congenital or due to a missing spleen. In addition, exposed laboratory personnel or travelers should be vaccinated in countries in which the disease occurs, and all children, as early as possible. So, at least in the current state, it is tested annually.. Although the diseases are rare, but more risky than the well-tolerated vaccination.

when? Young toddlers starting at twelve months. A lack of vaccination, to 18 to to the. Birthday will be celebrated.

there Are risks? There are two vaccines that protect against type C: MPSV4 and MenACWY. The latter is preferred for children. Some infants and young children after vaccination crank, basically, but it comes to the maximum amount of swelling and redness at the injection site. Rarely – in one to ten out of 10,000 Vaccinated – on occurs a transitory swelling of the face, very rarely – or in the case of a 100,000 – allergic shock. These remain in the rule without consequences.

Rotavirus: 40 per cent fewer Deaths due to the vaccination after 6 weeks as an infant, polio vaccine viruses

Severe crushing due to cases caused by rotavirus, are for newborns, infants and young toddlers life-threatening. Your body loses so much fluid and salt that it dries out – once contracted, may be the only treatment in the hospital. There is since 2006 a effective protection: a live vaccine containing attenuated viruses.

Who should be vaccinated? The Standing Committee on vaccination recommends the rotavirus vaccine for infants since July 2013, the statutory health insurance funds assume the costs for the recommended age group.

when? From the age of six weeks and preferably up to the age of twelve weeks. Depending on which vaccine is used, two or three doses of Vaccine at least four weeks apart, is necessary.

there Are risks? Most babies have no problems. International: The Benefits outweigh the risks. In the US, for example, up to 80 percent fewer children with Rotavirus in the hospital or the emergency room had to than before the vaccination. In Mexico, 40 percent died less babies to the consequences of diarrhea disease (NEJM: Richardson et al., 2016).

however, There are isolated cases of mild to severe reactions. These include bloating and fever include mild diarrhea, occasionally. In worse cases, it comes to an intestinal invagination (intussusception), studies speak of one to five cases per 100,000 vaccinated infants (NEJM: Yih et al., 2014). The sooner is vaccinated, the lower the risk for the side effect. An intestinal invagination, however, is the most common cause of intestinal obstruction in infancy and is quite irrespective of vaccination in children under the age of twelve months. Parents should be pain within the first week after the vaccination, severe abdominal or persistent vomiting observed, you should immediately with your Baby to the doctor.

A severe allergic reaction as with all vaccines – the statistics show that in the case of a 1,000,000 doses possible and thus very rare.

chickenpox (Varicella): a Safe, effective vaccine – but too expensive? after a year of injection, virus

It itches and itches and itches. Anyone who has had chicken pox, will remember the unpleasant skin rash with blisters. Mainly children get the infection caused by the varicella-Zoster Virus. Even after the disease, the Virus is still in the body, in adults it can later cause shingles. Chickenpox itself usually run mild for newborns, however they are more risky than for older people. There are more complications, in rare cases, brain inflammation, or an inflammation of the lungs skin.

Who should be vaccinated? In Germany the vaccination against chickenpox is recommended, since 2004, as a Standard.

when? At the age of 11 to 14 months, with the first measles-Mumps-rubella-vaccination or at the earliest four weeks after that. Four to six weeks after the first vaccination, at the age of 15 to 23 months – is a second part of the vaccination. Those who prefer to leave one instead of two syringes, you can also choose a combination vaccine against measles, Mumps, rubella, and chicken pox.

there Are risks? Worldwide, Doctors have administered millions of doses. There is no evidence that vaccination increases the risk for health problems, also not in the long term. In one of ten cases or less, a child gets a fever, one of 25 gets a mild rash. Pneumonia occurs in fewer than one of 10,000 people who are Vaccinated.

experts agree that since the introduction of vaccination, significantly fewer children had chicken pox than before (BMC infectious diseases: Strictly et al., 2011). The short-term effect and impact are out of the question.

However, there are two contentious points, Benefits and costs: The vaccination lasts a lifetime, and also seems to postpone the age of onset only to the rear and to strengthen the immune system of an adult automatically. Because the Latter always come less frequently in contact with the Virus – which is associated with a higher risk for complications and increased cases of shingles. Epidemiological studies point out. Model calculations of the Robert Koch-Institute have shown that the vaccination strategy should be reconsidered, if adults get permanently is actually more common Shingles. This point is, however, not been researched.

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