As the explosion of the Dnieper in 1941, helped Soviet troops

History 16/03/20 As the explosion of the Dnieper in 1941, helped Soviet troops

In our days, when the neighboring Ukraine will not cease to shake the political upheavals, Russian analysts are afraid that there may be sabotage at Ukrainian nuclear power plants by terrorists or undermining of dams of the Dnieper. About what this means can be judged by their breakdown in the years of the great Patriotic war.

Saving explosion

As you know, the beginning of the great Patriotic war was marked by a major retreat of the Soviet troops. One of the first was abandoned by Ukraine after the Red Army failed to hold the defense of Zaporozhye. Obviously not wanting to leave the Germans established infrastructure, August 18, 1941 a decision was taken to undermining of the dam Zaporozhye hydroelectric power station. A number of historians, although this is not confirmed by official documents, believes that the order to undermine the dam gave the commander of the southwestern direction of S. M. Budenny. At this time the Germans had occupied the island of Khortytsya. Had to act without delay quickly. The dam was mined using 20 tons of explosives. As soon as the miners finished his job as the commander of a military unit defending the Dnieper, completed the battery. The massive concrete building was rocked by a terrible explosion. It was destroyed about 100 metres of the 600 metre concrete skeleton of the dam. After the explosion, rushed into the hole the water formed a wave height of more than thirty meters, washing away everything in its path. The flood waves had such a force that it has come to the neighboring towns of Nikopol and Manganese. The local population declared that the most powerful hydroelectric plant in the world exploded “German saboteurs”. However, the explosion was carried out on time, because platinum was already German troops planned for its surface to cross to the left Bank. They all died in the explosion. Also destroyed all sub FRselenia the Nazis preparing to move to the left Bank, located in the Dnieper Plavni. The German offensive was thwarted. But suffered and Soviet troops happened to be on the way, wildly rushing stream of water. About the successful undermining of the dam that night was reported personally to Stalin and the Central Committee. Leader satisfactorily reacted to the destruction of the dam, noting that this step helped stop the German advance to the East.

Evacuation of Zaporizhia

Despite all the tragedy of the devastation that followed the destruction of the dam, undermining it allowed for six weeks to stretch the defense of Zaporozhye. At this time, from the city to the East every day tens of trains. The number of cars sometimes reached 900 per day. From Zaporozhye was evacuated 22 plants of national importance and 26 enterprises of light industry. Only on 4 October 1941 the German troops occupied the city. However, what met the Germans, called the city it was impossible. What not cannot be taken, blown up or disabled.

Electricity for the Wehrmacht

According to the memoirs of the chief of construction of the power plant Loginova plant regularly worked until the very last moment, even when in a machine hall flew a hail of German shells. However, in the case of the retreat of the red Army advance was decided on the decommissioning of generators and undermining of the dam, which was done. The half blown up, and turbine pre-drain their oil has run at full capacity. The machine instantly “eaten” themselves. And the Germans subsequently has argued that the power plant turbine room were destroyed by employees. However, the Minister of armaments albert Speer as soon as the Germans occupied the city, put the order in as soon as possible to restore power. For this purpose has been allocated a construction part. In the engine room of the Soviet removed, put out of action turbines, replacing them with German.

Russian SEMyerka

© Russian Seven

Recommended statesalaska… Share: Comments Comments on the article “How the explosion of the Dnieper in 1941, helped Soviet troops” Please log in to leave a comment! br>
Share on Tumblr