The question of what you want to do in life is not easy to answer and is often asked during your young age. Later, when you start looking for a career, many ups and downs can often change your mind. All of you must have had a lot of experience and work on different jobs behind you. In some jobs you were dissatisfied with your salary, in others you didn’t have teamwork, but all previous experiences have helped you eliminate things you don’t want to have as an employee.
Although many of you have been participants in the job market for a long time, bet that just a few of you are familiar with rights and obligations you can and must have.
Nowadays, life is fast, it requires a lot of work to get the conditions you want, so you don’t even have enough time to devote to reading the Employment Law. Do not despair, we are here who want to inform you in detail about this law to learn to value your work and effort.
In short, what would an Employment Law be?
Employment Law is one of the basic laws that need special attention. This law regulates the framework of employment and tells us more about the rights and obligations in it. This means that it regulates these important questions for both sides the employer and the employee when establishing an employment relationship. According to LSCS Law, the
Employment Law enables the employer to legally satisfy its need for labor, while on the other hand it allows employees to freely and voluntarily participate in the labor market and establish an employment relationship with the employer. The implementation of this law is of great importance and a challenge for every country.
Employment contract and the employment relationship
The employment relationship with its economic component has wider social importance and significance. Employment is often the only source of income for many families. To start an employment relationship, you need to conclude an employment contract that will define your rights and obligations.
The Employment Law also regulates the employment contract, because its content must be legally grounded and equal for the entire country in which the law is implemented. To clearly define all issues between the employee and the employer, this contract must contain essential elements of work.
Some of the important elements of the employment contract relating to the name of the company, personal information about the employee such as full name, place of residence, level of education, then a detailed description of the job for which it is concluded, type of employment and duration of the contract.
The level of earnings an employee can expect as well as working hours. When concluding an employment contract, pay attention to whether it contains all the mentioned elements. If something is left out or is not clearly stated and emphasized, the contract is considered void and do not sign it.
Obligations of the employer
The employer must provide the employee with information on working conditions, work for organization, enable safety and protect his health during employment. How many times have you received a document like this so far? How many times in a job interview did you get information about the rights of an employee in a particular company? I’m sure that number is very small, if there were any at all.
The employer must provide this information where, after your consent, an employment contract can be concluded when establishing an employment relationship. That contract must be harmonized with the Employment Law as well as the ways of its termination.
Here are some obligations that an employer must adhere to:
1. To provide the employee with the performance of the job tasks determined by the employment contract;
2. To provide the employee by the law and other regulations, working conditions and organize work for safety and protection of life and health at work;
3. To pay the employee a salary for the work performed following the law and the employment contract;
4. To inform the employee about the working conditions, work organization, rules of the employer regarding the fulfillment of contractual obligations at work and the rights and obligations arising from the regulations on safety and protection of life and health at work;
5. To respect the person, protect the privacy of the employee and ensure the protection of his data.
Rights and obligations of employees
The Employment Law enables the employee to get acquainted in advance with the conditions of employment, with their rights and obligations from the employment relationship. The employee becomes acquainted with his rights before establishing an employment relationship. This is how its awareness of the protection of its legal rights from employment develops.
Basic rights of employees:
Through the basics of the Employment Law, the employee has introduced simply and practically to the basic rights from the employment relationship about which the employees are not at all or very little informed.
There are a large number of rights of employees, but some of them are:
1. The employee has the right to work, to free choice of occupation and employment;
2. The employee has the right to fair and humane working conditions;
3. The employee has the right to an appropriate salary that is calculated in the manner prescribed by law and the employment contract.
4. The right of the Employee to adequate safety and protection of life and health, the right to health care.
5. The right to limited working hours, which may vary depending on the country in which you live
6. The right to have a vacation
7. The employee is entitled to a retirement
Obligations and responsibilities of employees
In addition to rights, the employee must be aware of his obligations and responsibilities. By not fulfilling the obligations, the employee automatically violates the employment contract and can put himself in an unenviable position.
We hereby point out to you the most general obligations that an employee must perform:
1. Conscientiously and responsibly performs the tasks he works on;
2. Respects the organization of work and business with employers;
3. Takes care of the means of work and material resources of the employer;
4. Notifying the employer of any kind of potential danger to the life and health of employees and the occurrence of material damage;
5. Respects the regulations on safety and health at work;
6. The obligation to act on decisions made by the employer;
7. Respecting work discipline;
8. Keeping business secrets;
9. The obligation to compensate the damage caused by the employee to the employer at work or in connection with work;
10. Applying safety measures at work;
11. Liability for a breach of duty.
Termination of employment
Just as any employment relationship can be started, it can also be ended.The Employment Law provides for several ways of termination of employment, namely:
1. Termination by force of law (by exercising the right to a pension, loss of working capacity, serving a prison sentence, death.)
2. Termination of the employment contract: The employment may be terminated due to the termination of the employment contract by the employer or by the employee.
Every law is complex in itself. We hope that with this article we have helped you get acquainted with Employment Law, understand its essence, and most importantly understand what you can expect from a business relationship. Whether you are employed or offering a job, you must know your rights and obligations for further and more successful advancement.