History 09/03/20 who fought wild division after the February revolution
the Emergence of the Caucasian native cavalry division, later nicknamed the “wild”, became for the Russian army an exception to the General rule, because the Muslims of the Caucasus for military service in the Russian Empire are not recruited. At the same time, the cavalry of the “wild division” not only showed wonders of heroism during the First World war, but also played a significant role in the events that followed the February revolution to the eve of the October revolution of the Bolsheviks.
the Intrepid mountaineers
Despite the fact that the entry in the Caucasian native mounted division was voluntary, and the lack of people willing to shed blood for king and Fatherland were not. The division consisted of six regiments: Kabardian, Dagestan, Tatar, Chechen, Ingush and Circassian. In particular, Azerbaijanis had to call 400 people, while volunteers signed up 2,000 people.
the formation of the division ended in September, 1914, after which the highlanders were immediately sent to the front. Their appearance on the front line greatly upset the enemy, because Europeans are scared of the Scarecrow “wild Horde”, which according to them was about to throw them against the Royal power. At the same time, if the Austrians with the Germans called of the Cavaliers “wild division” – “devils in furry hats” that Nicholas II was called the highlanders not only as “the eagles of the Caucasus.”
During the battles on the battlefields of the First World war, the Caucasian native cavalry division has established itself as one of the most capable loyal king, military units, possessing excellent fighting revenue and boundless courage. For all time of existence of the division in it, there has not been a single case of desertion.
it is Not surprising that the Caucasian native mounted division of the military, the army command decided to involve the elimination byconsequences of the February revolution of 1917. By this time most educated people of the Russian Empire, it was abundantly clear that the country had two ways of development: to cease to exist or go the way of a military dictatorship. In this critical situation, infantry General Kornilov in August 1917 raised a military revolt.
Turning to the people, Lavr Georgievich said that the Interim government under pressure of Bolsheviks acting on the plan of the German General staff in an attempt to destroy Russia. Developing his idea, Kornilov demanded the arrest of the Provisional government and establish a military dictatorship until the convening of the Constituent Assembly.
At this time, faithful to the command of the Caucasian native cavalry division under the command of Lieutenant-General Prince D. P. Bagration was on the bottom of the station near Pskov and could in the shortest possible time to be in Petrograd, Pskov which is connected with a direct rail line. Immediately after the speech of Kornilov 26 August 1917 the division was shipped in trains and sent to Petrograd.
the Prince Bagration was appointed commandant of the city, and his troops were supposed to occupy the Central districts of the capital. In response, Kerensky, do not waste time, declared Kornilov a rebel and issued a decree that disobeying him troops and blocking Railways. However, at this time the Caucasian native cavalry division drove to Petrograd.
she was not even stopped dismantled railway tracks and remaining loyal to the Provisional government troops. When to move on by rail became impossible, shelves division boarded horses and fights began to get to Petrograd. The cavalry held the slaughter of the First World war were successful, the suburbs of Petrograd obey her almost without a fight.
In fear for my destiny 29 August 1917, towards the shelves of the “wild division” the Provisional government sent a delegation of members of the Russian Muslim Council. They convincedand officers of the division that the redistribution of power in the country is Russian internal affair, and their task is to fight on the front against an external enemy.
After a short discussion, under pressure from members of the delegation of the command of the division decided not to participate in the Kornilov revolt than predetermined his fate.
on 31 August in Petrograd arrived the delegation from the leadership of the Caucasian Native cavalry division headed by Colonel of Crimea Giray. A. F. Kerensky, in a solemn ceremony it was announced the full authority of the division to the Provisional government.
a month Later, the Caucasian native cavalry division from sin was sent to the North Caucasus and in the October revolution of the Bolsheviks did not participate. At the same time, it should be noted that if the highlanders in late August – early September still took Petrograd, which they had every opportunity the fate of the country would flow on a completely different channel.
© Russian Seven
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