the Prime Minister of Ukraine Alexey Goncharuk reported that the German company Deutsche Bahn will take under patronage of the Ukrainian Railways operator “Ukrzaliznytsya”. Meanwhile, it has signed a Memorandum of understanding and the details of the agreement still are being finalized. “Apostrophe” to figure out what will be the role of Deutsche Bahn in the management of domestic state-owned company, and whether the Germans to solve the problems of the Ukrainian monopoly.
the State company “Ukrzaliznytsya” will be transferred to the management of German rail carrier Deutsche Bahn for a period of 10 years. This was stated by Prime Minister of Ukraine Alexey Goncharuk during a speech at the world economic forum in Davos. He reported that on January 22 in Davos, between Deutsche Bahn and the Ministry of infrastructure of Ukraine signed a Memorandum of understanding.
“This is an ecosystem which would show that Ukraine is unprecedented is open for investment and the new standards,” — said the Prime Minister. He added that today there is a political decision of cooperation, while the details of the agreement still are being finalized.
At the same time Goncharuk assured that neither of sale or even the rental of such a strategic target as “Ukrzaliznytsya”, it is not. “German experts will work to reform the management mechanisms of the enterprise”, — wrote the Prime Minister on Facebook.
statement of the Ukrainian Prime Minister has responded to the German company, which, though not denied entirely his words, but they softened considerably. Deutsche Bahn announced that through its subsidiary company DB Engineering & Consulting it will not lead to “Ukrzaliznytsya”, and advise its management on technical issues and business.
however single cables-channels, which comments on the political processes in Ukraine, argues that the parties agreed that “Ukrzaliznytsia” will actually come under control of German company. So, allegedly, from Deutsche Bahn will be assigned more than a dozen heads of different areas in the Ukrainian state-owned companies, the head of “Ukrzaliznytsya” will be approved by the Germans.
In the “Ukrzaliznytsia” “Apostrophe” promptly are unable to answer the question of what specific powers the company will have representatives from Deutsche Bahn, but promised to provide the relevant information in the near future.
Memorandum about nothing
the opinions of the experts about the cooperation of “uz” with the German carrier is divided. So, an investment banker and columnist Sergey Fursa welcomed the signing of the Memorandum with Deutsche Bahn. “It was the best thing that could happen to the Ukrainian Railways”, — he wrote in Facebook. He stressed that “Ukrzaliznytsia” will need is management by a German company, and not just Advisory services on reform.
the ContextBloomberg: Deutsche Bahn should be grateful to Greta ТунбергBloomberg18.12.2019 Die Welt: German Railways have put in place Greta ТунбергИноСМИ16.12.2019 Sohu: I want to enter Russia – change колесаЅоһи01.12.2019, In turn, the Director of infrastructure direction in the “Ukrainian Institute for the future”, former first Deputy Minister of infrastructure Vladimir Shulmeyster spoke strongly against the fact that Deutsche Bahn, as well as any other foreign company, gained control of the Ukrainian Railways, which, among other things, relate to the strategic infrastructure of the state. He explained that Deutsche Bahn German company will, in the first place, to defend the interests of Germany, not Ukraine.
thus, according to him, the people who now control “Ukrzaliznytsya” also do not protect the interests of Ukraine. “But at least we have them on Board,” notes Shulmeyster.
Vladimir Shulmeyster noted that the Memorandum, as a rule, is a meaningless document, which is signed for PR. “And I’m really hoping this is the case. Everything will stop”, — said the expert.
If we proceed from the text of the Memorandum, that, according to former Deputy Minister of infrastructure Alexander Cava, it is absolutely nothing specific not to be. “The signed document does not oblige, and it is very early to draw conclusions about the possible cooperation,” he said in comments “Apostrophe”.
the Expert noted that the proposal on the possible transfer of control over key state-owned companies to foreigners is the inability or unwillingness of the government to effectively manage state property and, respectively, to perform their duties. “Let’s invite Angela Merkel to take control of the government of Ukraine — I think, with these features it certainly will handle a lot better. Moreover, she will soon complete its tenure in the government of Germany,” — said the expert, adding that the financial issue is also likely to settle, as the salaries of some officials of Ukraine many times more than the Federal Chancellor of Germany.
“the Vikings” won’t help
But even if Deutsche Bahn has taken full control of “Ukrzaliznytsya”, it would not solve the problems of domestic state-owned companies.
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Alexander Kava is also convinced that the involvement of a foreign partner, even the most effective, will not help solve the fundamental problems of the company. “The key to the solution of problems of “Railways” is located on the street Hrushevsky in Kyiv (the street is the Cabinet of Ministers and the Verkhovna Rada — “Apostrophe”), and no external factor these will not solve the problem. Moreover, Deutsche Bahn is a subsidized company, which annually receives subsidies of 16 billion euros, and therefore to invest in the development of foreign company it will not be exact. If you put the experience and technology, once again, there is the question: who will pay for it?” he explained.
But the main point is that Ukraine has SPecialist that could effectively manage the domestic Railways. “But for some reason the government appoints unqualified people, and then wonder why they fail. That is not the problem of state-owned companies, there is the challenge of the government”, — summed up Alexander cava.
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