Weapons 22/03/20 How to fly the best fighters of the Second world war
During the Second world war the aircraft was one of the main striking forces. The combat capability of the aircraft was the key to successful military operations. For air supremacy fought the fighters.
the Soviet high-altitude fighter, the MiG-3
the MiG-3 – Soviet high-altitude fighter of the great Patriotic war, developed on the basis of the fighter Polikarpov I-200 design team, headed by A. I. Mikoyan and M. I. Gurevich.
At higher altitudes the MiG-3 was manevrenen other fighters. A big role fighter played in the first months of the war, and then during the battle of Moscow in 1941, when effectively used in repelling the German air raids on the capital. The disadvantage was recognized as a relatively weak machine gun armament of fighter. The need for mass production of engines for the Il-2 led to the production of high-altitude fighter, given that a significant part of the fighting took place at medium and low altitudes, where the MiG-3 had significant advantages.
the MiG-3 fought and died 4 Jul 1941 in battle with a group of enemy planes the famous test pilot, Hero of Soviet Union Stepan Suprun. All were released 3178 the MiG-3.
German fighter Messerschmitt Bf.109
the Bf.109 became one of the most well-known and the mass of German aircraft of the Second world war. The first combat use took place during the civil war in Spain, depending on the modification it could be used as a fighter, high-altitude fighter, fighter-interceptor, fighter-bomber or scout.
Early versions had the armament consisted of four 7.92 mm machine guns; later, in addition to the machine-gun armament were installed two 20 mm or a 30 mm cannon. Throughout world war II was the main fighter of Germany. Dabout the end of the war in April 1945 was released 33 984 fighter Bf.109 all modifications. He became one of the most popular fighters in history, and the number of produced aircraft of the Second world second only to the Soviet Il-2 attack aircraft.
the American fighter-bomber P-38
the American fighter-bomber, a proven combat during the Second world war. The design of the aircraft consisted of two tail beams and nacelles to the cockpit.
in Addition to the powerful small arms, consisting of 20 mm cannon and four 12.7 mm machine guns, “lighting” could carry two 726 kg of bombs or ten rockets. The plane was actively used as escorts for heavy bombers and attacking ground targets. By the end of the war there and double “flagship” fighters, the crews of which coordinated assault action single aircraft. The plane was reliable and easy to manage. P-38 was the only fighter produced in the United States throughout the war. In all there were about 10 thousand units.
Japanese fighter “zero”
the Japanese carrier-based fighter of the times was produced from 1940 until the end of the Second world war. The aircraft was carrying powerful for the beginning of the Second world war, the armament consisting of two 20 mm cannons and two 7.7 mm machine guns.
Until 1942 the zero had a distinct advantage over most allied aircraft, and the presence of a large number of trained pilots allowed to more fully exploit the best properties of the machine — high maneuverability and large (up to 2600 km) range.
the Battle of midway was a turning point not only in the fight in the Pacific, but in fate zero, which gradually began to lose its dominance in the air. At the end of the war zeros were used by pilots-the kamikaze. So, during the battle of Leyte Gulf on 25 October 1944 was sunk by escort carrier “Saint-Lo” was released 10 939 fighter and he became the most popular Japanese fighter of the Second world war.
the Soviet fighter La 5FN
One of the most successful modifications of the fighter La-5 and La 5FN, received a new engine with a capacity of 1,850 l/s, the speed of the fighter was up to 635 km/h. the Aircraft was carrying the same La-5 armament consisting of two 20 mm automatic guns.
Fighter La 5FN is rightly among the best aircraft in the world the second half of the war. Maneuverability and speed speed at low and medium altitudes, it was superior to the German fighter FW 190A. The first mass use of the La 5FN associated with the battles at Kursk. On La 5FN made his exploits at Kursk heroes of the Soviet Union Alexei Maresyev and Alexander Gorovets. Began his fighting way at La 5FN and Ivan Kozhedub was the highest scoring Soviet pilot, which account for 62 air victories.
© Russian Seven
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