Kohl Magotan: why is it called Pavlik Morozov No. 2

Heroes 17/01/20 Kohl Magotan: why is it called Pavlik Morozov No. 2

the name of the Koli Myagotina today is not too well known. Nevertheless, it long time was considered a “pioneer-hero No. 2”, it is like Pavlik Morozov was a symbol of the struggle against the kulaks. In his homeland, in the Kurgan region, his name was called, the streets and Houses of culture, he established a monument in his native village, his house turned into a Museum.

What did Kohl Magotan why he put on a par with Pavlik Morozov? And why is society so ambiguously refers to this kid now, decades after his death?

Life and death of Koli Myagotina: the version of “Soviet”

Nikolai Maguin was born in a poor peasant family in 1918, in the village of kolesnikovo Kurgan region. Early lost his father, who had died from cholera. A mother whose hands were small children, was forced to give Kohl eldest child in an orphanage, where he learned to read and write and became a pioneer. When Cole was 11 years old, he returned home to his mother, he began to work in the kolkhoz VIII Richiesta, he continued his studies in school, was active in the local pioneer organization.

He saw that his fists strongly interfere with the farm to develop, spoil the collective property and steal the grain. And he repeatedly reported in the local newspaper, and once wrote a letter to the village Council (in the post such initiative became known as denunciation).

And then the fists decided to deal with the boy. Of a crime accuse the fist of Votea Sychev and brothers Borusevych. Vahrusheva persuaded his younger brother Petya to lure Kohl on the field of sunflowers, where Nicholas Myagotina was waiting for the eldest of Borusevych, Ivan. He shot the boy, but kill it did not work. And when Petya told Fotiu, he went to the field and did the rest. It happened in 1932, Cole was 14 years old.

the court in the case of Koli Myagotina sentenced five people to death, the sixthfive – to 10 years of imprisonment. The article was a serious terrorist activities (article 58-8).

the version of the “post-Soviet”

In the late 80’s-early 90 – ies of XX century, when the country became fashionable to subvert and expose the old heroes, along with real criminals, the perpetrators of mass repressions, and went to the children, including Pavlik Morozov and Kolya Negotino. If Pavlik denounced for what he was informing on his own father, then nick began to classify almost like an ordinary bully, even a pioneer.

In many ways, this deposition of the image of the young wrestler with the kulaks occurred as a result of the activities of the “memorial” society, which is actively engaged in the rehabilitation of the innocent victims in the years of Soviet power.

However, the statement that Kohl’s was not a pioneer, challenges Tatiana Seblova – Director of the Museum Koli Myagotina. Arriving in the beginning of 2000-ies in Kolesnykove and found the decline of interest in the Museum and the identity of the pioneer-hero, she went in search of evidence about his life, to get acquainted with the local Newspapers for 1932, worked in the archives, asked the elderly. And Seblova proved after all that nick has been a pioneer and very active.

heroism If the Director of the Museum, too, no doubt, he was really trying to fight the looting of collective property. Tatiana Seblova found old residents who told her that nick told his mother about the threats of the brothers Borusevych, angry at him for what he wrote in the newspaper about the theft. In the village everyone knew it.

Prosecutor Boris Sakharov, who in the late 1990-ies engaged in the retrial of the murder of Nicholas Myagotina, believes that no political overtones in this story was not. Kohl as an ordinary village boy went with a friend in the field to steal the sunflowers, and a drunken guard shot a kid. And then it is simply finished off to cover his tracks.

Without ideological husk

it is Clear now that all members of this long history is dead, the truth is not to dig. Was ToLa Magotan killed kulaks and kulak agents, or his death was a tragic accident – this we know.

it is Obvious that the Soviet regime made Pavlik Morozov and Kohl Myagotina heroes of the struggle against the kulaks is not accidental. They were of the generation of those boys and girls of the late 1920s – early 1930s years, who sincerely believed in the bright socialist future and inevitably became victims of collision of old and new.

it’s also no coincidence that Pavlik and Kolya were victims of political clashes of the early 1990-ies. Wrestlers from Stalinism has not spared children, declaring one an informer, and the other – a common thief and a bully. This is another example of the fact that the main victims of the conflicts of adults always children.

In 1999 for the murder of Nicholas Myagotina was rehabilitated all but two of the direct perpetrators of the crimes, which replaced the 58-th article of the criminal Murder under aggravating circumstances (part 2, article 105, paragraph “b”).

Olga Melnikova

© Russian Seven

Featured articles Share: Comments (2) Comments on the article “Kohl Magotan: why is it called Pavlik Morozov No. 2” 27.01.2020 at 23:15 proidisvet … writes:

thieves and traitors – heroes of swieconek

Reply ↓10.02.2020 at 21:45, Mikhail Artemiev wrote:

a memorial of a criminal gang, members of which must be destroyed.

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