Only one of every 10 spaniards resident abroad have applied to vote in the elections next November 10. The figure -223.872 people, according to the provisional count— represents, however, a percentage higher than that registered for the elections of the past April, when just 8.4% of the electorate requested it, and only 5.6% came to make it effective. To interpret this rise of the so-called vow, prayed as a major mobilization is precipitated. Because equal the percentage of the previous call could be taken for granted: to be a repeat election, there was no need for a new application; it was April. The new figure of 10.5% indicates that have added new petitioners, but there are no guarantees that all finish processing.
The spaniards more mobilized are those that reside in the european environment, most next. France, with 34.378 applications, Germany, with 26.988, and the Uk, with 25.840, contained in head. Following them, at a great distance, two countries with a good number of Spanish residents: Argentina (17.809 requests) and the united States (17.494).
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The vote begged, that since 2011, it hinders the right to vote of residents abroad, seduces a minimum part of the 2.1 million spaniards living in other countries. The data published on the website of the National Statistics Institute point to a new low in the participation of this group, which has never reached the 7% of the votes were real. The obstacles and delays that characterize the process —mainly in the most remote locations— reduce the number of votes deposited in respect of the previous applications.
The most common problem is the delay in the receipt of the ballots for voting, that in some cases they arrive after the election day. Jose Mateos, 47 years old, works from a decade ago in Germany as a municipal official and has never been able to exercise their right to vote, despite asking on three occasions. “There is No excuse for that the Spanish Government is not aware that we exist,” laments from Düsseldorf, while awaiting that, this time yes, get to the ballots. In the regional elections and municipal elections of 2015, Mateos got an abstentionist of his constituency vote for him thanks to the mediation of a collective of migrants called Tide Maroon.
last October 7, this movement presented a report before OSCE (Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, tasked among other things to ensure the democratic processes) in which he denounced the “multiple irregularities and abuses” suffered by residents absent during the last elections. According to a survey of Tide Maroon, one out of every three voters spaniards in the outside is not received your vote on time on the 28th of April, while half are not asked for the suffrage by the difficulties of the process and the uncertainty of that to be posted. The Electoral Census Office attributed the delay in the receipt of the ballot papers to the postal services of third countries, given that, in the case of the 10-N, have already been sent on the 21st of October, three weeks before the elections.
Despite attempts to banish the vote asked for, the lack of political commitment and the succession of general elections, which have left little room for legislative activity, have prevented change in time this procedure. On the contrary that voters in Spain, registered in the roll of voters should express in advance their wish to participate in the elections. Then receive at home the ballot papers and from there are dealing with the right to vote directly in the ballot box in the consulate (in the case of the electors in whose cities of residence there is one), or by mail. The proliferation of paperwork in many cases can not be completed within the legal time required.
PSOE and United we Can tried to modify the law in the months which elapsed between the motion of censorship and the elections of the 28 of April, but the lack of enthusiasm of other groups, and the rapid dissolution of the Courts thwarted the attempt. The four main parties promised in their programmes to modify this figure.