Suomen Kuvalehti (Finland): education for all ages

Hannah Koistinen (Hannu Koistinen, 52 years) with suspicion of laughs.

“Want to say I am a “pilot”?”

Hannah Koistinen, Mikko Rask (Mikko Rask) and UNMA Aho (Aho Moona) are engaged on the Helsinki coast acroyoga.

One person performs the function base, base. He lies on his back with raised legs and hands. The second man is the pilot “flyer”. He performs the different elements and takes different poses based on the hands and feet of drum & bass. The third man — support, “the spotter”, which monitors the safety and the correct execution of the element.

rusk and Aho has just revealed Koistinen new “dragonfly”. Rask is Koistinen to try.

in 40 years Koistinen would not be able to imagine that will carry out such complex motion in the steam room acroyoga.

Koistinen — CEO and designer of the family firm “Koistinen Kantele” (Koistinen Kantele). He lives in the municipality of Rääkkylä and in Helsinki. Sometimes the working day can last 16-18 hours, and business trips have to pass up to 50 thousand kilometers a year.

Koistinen spent in his Studio for many years, suffering from a muscle in the shoulder girdle and sciatica. In his youth he went skiing in the forest, but lived mostly on the principle of “the body need in order to head something kept”.

In 2012, the family Koistinen broke up and he decided to change his life. Koistinen began to perform strength exercises, and the pain disappeared.

At the end of 2016, he went to the camp where they were doing acrobatic yoga. A few months later he met in training famous Dutch specialist akroyoge. After a brief conversation he offered: “we’ll do a feature?”

“We only knew each other for 15 minutes and I was already upside down like a candle, leaning on his hands. Crazy! And as I was able so to trust a new man!”

this form of yoga is Koistinen like the sense of community. Alone, nothing to achieve, only together with others.

Koistinen not denying that people get old, we all have age limits. But now Koistinen feels great: he is in much better shape than 30 years.

“Now I find it easier to focus and easier to communicate.”

Koistinen relies on his feet Paradise and starts “flying” for instructions.

Movement in acroyoga — continuous collaboration. The hand rests on the arm, “pilot” is based on his feet, “base”, the third person monitors the correct execution of elements.

First, worked out a number of the same movements: Koistinen belly, he needs to roll over and land on feet Raski. He falls to the ground and laughs.

Only after numerous attempts the movement he manages. Men shake hands and hug.

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When the Professor-researcher, University of Helsinki Minna Huotilainen (Minna Huotilainen) began in 1990-e years working as a neurosurgeon, ideas about the brain and the learning process were quite different.

“Then it was thought that the structure of the brain is determined genetically, and that man is using all his ability to survive,” says Huotilainen.

“Now it sounds as strange as if someone said he can’t train, because he is genetically very little muscle”.

For example, an innate talent for music in the study of the brain could not be found. However, the effect of music on the brain is reflected.

From school, many people remember that in adult humans new neurons do not appear. But at the moment it is known that, for example, heavy physical workload contributes to the development of brain cells at any age.

it is Also known that learning a new skill makes the brain more flexible.

In a published 2004 study, adults learned to juggle three balls. MRI of the brain showed that training for three months changed the structure of the brain and increased gray matter in the brain. When the subjects stopped training, the increase fell within three months more than half.

In the long term memory of knowledge and skills reside in neural networks. Learned the day the brain processes during sleep. The result will be better if you practice a new skill for an hour a day for five days, not five hours in one day.

“the study of the theoretical disciplines and the development of motor skills surprisingly similar,” says Huotilainen.

Neuroscientists believe that the development of motor skills also develops attentiveness, memory and learning skills. Practicing doing flips, you develop andnbsp;their other learning abilities.

Limitations in learning in adulthood are often only in our heads saying that gymnastics had to start in childhood, snowboard can you use in this old age.

“many of the self-image overshadows an objective assessment of the man’s skills,” says lecturer in pedagogy of physical education, assistant Professor, University of jyväskylä Timo Jaakkola (Timo Jaakkola).

Jaakkola explores teaching physical education. He says that the periods after which the development of any new skills is impossible, does not exist.

Muscle strength reaches its peak in 25-30 years. With age, the capacity and mobility weaken, but exercise can improve outcomes in adult age. Muscle tissue maintains adaptability, and even 80-year-old man can become stronger.

Motor skills — for example, the development of a new sport — can develop at any age, if you have no injuries. Once obtained the skill is maintained. If in your youth you could do a wheel, then this skill can be completely restored at a later age.

“I can’t repeat on a physical level, Jaakkola says. But from the point of view of psychology of teaching adults are different than children.”

When a child learns to skate, he often falls and is constantly rising. 40-50-year-old man may not fall so often. Many adults learn with more caution, trying to avoid setbacks. And this is quite reasonable, if over decades of sitting at a computer your body has become less flexible.

At any age, training should be varied.

Adult easily given the fact that associated with learned information, says Professor Minna Huotilainen. With age it is getting harder to remember information that with nothing connected.

the Skill of mastering the phonetics of a foreign language begins to weaken at an early age. In the adult age is very difficult and sometimes even impossible to learn how to sound like a native speaker.

the rest of the language learning in adulthood is more effective than in his youth. The head is not full of different languages, and to learn a new language easier than before — relying on already-studied languages.

“Training is always based on the strengthening of connections between neurons, the emergence of new connections and the elimination of other ties,” says Huotilainen.

“For what a man pays thousands and thousands of hours, the brain allocates additional resource”.

the Development of different skills supports memory. Older people noticeable a clear link between physical condition and condition of brain.

80-year-old Liisa Lindgren (Liisa Lindgren) from Espoo remembers very well one day, which was as much as 70 years ago.

In the first class of the school had an examination in singing. The head of the choir played on the harmonium, Lindgren sang in front of the class.

“Cantor, with all said I can’t sing I have no voice and I don’t have to come to the exams”.

Many years Lindren just silently opened her mouth, when everyone sang together on the holidays. And yet she had a dream: someday, she still wanted to learn to sing.

Seven years ago, she saw on television a lecture of doctor of music Numminen ava (Ava Numminen). She told that anyone can learn to sing.

Lindgren bought discs from video to karaoke, but it did not really work. She signed up for the course Numminen to train sounds and learn to relax. She began to sing in the open Church choir and met a singing teacher Christa Pellicci (Krista Pellikka).

“I was inspired by the teaching style of Christa, and I asked, does she give private lessons. It turned out that we live nearby, and I had to go to Krista’s home.”

Pellikka told about the practice singing in the evening school in Espoo. Now Lindgren is in school for six years.

Pellikka teaches adults who love to sing. She says some music from nature, others go the hard way, but learn to sing anything.

“First, we are all together singing to each to believe in your voice. No need to compare yourself with an Opera singer, each of us has quite a good voice, says Pellikka. — Musical ear can be improved, but if you don’t get in the notes, you can do it”.

the Inability to understand music, that is Amusia, rare. In this case, people can not perceive music without words and not getting pleasure from listening to music.

the voice Problems associated with the lack of activity.

the Singing consists of elements that are important to consider: breath, posture, relaxation. Therefore, in the classroom warm up and sing scales.

While Lindgren does not dare to sing solo, but she performs with a group on holidays. She’s practicing vocal harmonies and engaged in two-voice singing.

“Singing had a positive impact on my breathing and rhythm. Singing brings me joy, I feel much younger.”

To study takes time. In children and young people more time class.

Runner on long distances Laura Manninen (Manninen Laura, 46 years old) went to the first practice, when she was over 30. Before she played sports. At the age of 37, she won gold in the championship of Finland at the distance of ten kilometers.

the Artist Helen Downey (Helen Downie) began painting at 48 years old. She began to publish their works on Instagram, posing as “Inept artist” (Unskilled worker).

the Artist, which he studied for two years to draw on their own, started to get orders — including from the fashion house Gucci (Gucci). Her works are exhibited in galleries around the world.

stories of successful people who have started to develop some skill in adulthood, very inspiring — but they are the exception. At a later age hard to achieve considerable success because of lack of time.

In the 1990-ies, the Swedish Professor of psychology Anders Eriksson (Anders Ericsson) studied the work of the professionals of different fields and came to the conclusion that they are purposefully engaged in at least 10 thousand hours. It is about three hours a day for ten years.

the Theory is strikingly simple. However, it’s true: very few people can become a Pro without hours of practicing.

Scientifically documented differences in the learning process of adults and children can be partially explained by the number of classes.

Neuroscientist mine Huotilainen notes that adults move music more slowly than children and young people. However, if the study to take into account the time given to studies, differences in learning success will be less.

in the Winter of 2017 the second pilot Puhakka Pekka (Pekka Puhakka) first took to the air at the controls of the plane of airline Finnair. He was 39 years.

“Impressions on life! Previously, I was only on the simulator and now worried: what happens in a real aircraft?”

Last time he flies an Airbus 320 in Europe and provides domestic flights in Finland.

Puhakka changed his profession and realize the dream of his childhood.

“In high school I had to wear glasses. Then I thought that for the pilot this is unacceptable.”

In previous work he has developed a system for weather radar. He was educated in physics and technology.

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In the period of the working life of a person learning something new is perfectly natural. According to a study of Finnish Fund Sitra, six out of ten people of working age changed profession or industry.

A fear of failure due to the fact that you go to the purpose “indirect way”. In his new work “a Wide range” (Range) researcher-journalist David Epstein (David Epstein) disagrees with this position.

Drawing on various examples and studies, Epstein says that the specialists who have passed through difficulties, is able to offer its field more ideas, knowledge and skills than those who went on “the straight path”. Its conclusions state: the experience previously acquired, is never forgotten.

Pekka Puhakka started to go for his dream after doing the main work. First, he received a license to operate a private plane, then — education professional pilot.

In 2012, he went on an internship at Finnair. He was educated third pilot, who works in long flights during the rest of the captain and co-pilot.

Later, he received an education second pilot Finnair Airbus.

In the process of learning had to study a lot of theory and construction of aircraft. Before you fly a real plane, you need to make dozens of flights on the simulator. After passing the training necessary to make a few training flights in tandem with the captain.

Finnair offers training to pilots of a wide audience: to become a pilot and normal people of all ages. “Superpowers” or “laser sight” is not required during the selection process study of physical abilities and traits. Very few people come to the training with permission to control the aerial vehicle. On the co-pilot, you can learn about two years.

In the future, Puhakka would like to receive the education of a captain.

“Sitting at the helm, I think that to fly a plane as good as I allow my skills and education. I don’t think about whether the aircraft passengers or cargo. The work will in any case need to perform well, and the extra stress is not needed”.

Puhakka believes that at a younger age different motor skills could be developed faster. In the study of the theory and the structure of the aircraft helped previous work.

According to Puhakka, the change of profession is an important motivation. After a while, you know about yourself and your goals more than at a younger age. Bolno longer working think about whether it was necessary to do something else.

the new York times contain estimates of the solely foreign media and do not reflect the views of the editorial Board of the new York times.