“Lebanon will have a clean Government. The movement that has taken place [the demonstrations] opens the door to some significant reforms,” said this Wednesday Aoun. “The people will return to the streets if it obstructs the change”, has warned the contractor who is scheduled to address the nation on the evening of Thursday, once refer to the different political leaders. According to the article 69 of the lebanese Constitution, the resignation of the prime minister entails the de facto abdication of the entire Government without provoking a political vacuum, since the Cabinet is maintained in an interim basis until the formation of a new one. However, and in the middle of an economic crisis that keeps the country to the brink of financial collapse with an external debt of 150% of GDP, could not take new economic measures.
“Resigned Hariri, the president must call consultations to the different blocks mps to appoint a new minister and once elected, to meet with him to form the Government”, explains in Beirut, the lawyer of lebanese Layal Saker. “The demands of the street is to form an Executive technocrat, early parliamentary elections and draft a new electoral law, where the distribution of power is secular and not based on quotas confessional”, he adds. And is that in Lebanon, since the end of the bloody civil war [1975-1990], there is a tacit agreement among the political class, by the president of the republic must be maronite christian, the prime minister muslim sunni; and the speaker of the parliament muslim shiite. Similarly, the 128 seats of the Parliament are to be distributed salomónicamente between christians and muslims —in function of the 18 confessions officially recognized—.
The economic crisis puts on the ropes to the lebanese Government in Lebanon manages to form a unity Government after nearly nine months of negotiations The post-war generation has the word Lebanon
Without that for now resonates to name any among the sunni leaders as a candidate for the post of premier, the protesters reiterated Wednesday that, if not met is a material change, took to the streets on Friday. “The question today is to know what form it will take the next Government and how much time you will need for your training, while the economic and financial situation in Lebanon is more fragile than ever”, read this Wednesday, the publisher of the lebanese newspaper L’orient-Le Jour.
The Government which have been lying the protests took nine months to form, and the nomination of the current president Aoun came after more than two and a half years of vacuum presidential.
Beirut has dawned this Wednesday also fearful that the unrest experienced on the previous day immersed the country in a drift sectarian after more than a hundred young followers of the parties, shi’a Amal and Hezbollah ripped through the camp established by the protesters in the center of the capital. Between plastic chairs lame and ceilings of canvas sketched with zeal, the professor Karim Daher, who teaches law at Saint Joseph University of Beirut, explained in the central plaza of the Martyrs to the hundred listeners gathered that the lebanese Constitution provides for in the current juncture.
A similar debate took place in which this Tuesday was the epicenter of the pitched battle, in full ring, Beirut, where protestors have been open to traffic this Wednesday. “I am not so optimistic as to believe it from night to day will resign all leaders, or feudal rule in the country,” says Adonis Charafeddine, a young man of 26 years and employed in an airline company. “I just sit down the bases to that in the next parliamentary elections the people to know that we can demand change,” he adds. “I disagree, and I think that, at the conclusion of the 48 hours, do not have changes we have to re-cut the streets until they go all corrupt politicians”, involved another young man. One of the demands during the last 14 days of protests in the country has been precisely to renew in block to the current class of political-confessional that maintains the monopoly of the political spectrum of lebanon during the last three decades.
Support of the international community
The resignation of Hariri “makes the crisis even more severe”, has been valued for its part, the holder of Foreign frenchman Jean-Yves Le Drian in Paris, who has urged the authorities of Lebanon to “do everything possible to ensure the stability of the institutions and the unity of Lebanon”. For its part, the special coordinator of the UN for Lebanon, Jan Kubis, urged on Tuesday the lebanese authorities to “act with resolve and without delay to form, within the respect of the Constitution, a new Government that responds to the aspirations of the people.” “Ask for a better governance and their demands must be heard,” he said in a statement on Wednesday the European Union. The alliance between Hariri and Hezbollah has managed to avoid for the past few months all derive violent and sectarian in the country. Dead the entente, the lebanese fear that their respective sponsors external, Riyadh and Tehran, re-make of Lebanon the board of choice for his clash regional.