History 24/03/20 the Main mistakes of the Soviet “leaders”
Say that it is not mistaken only one who does nothing. The leaders of the Soviet state worked a lot and was wrong often. Some errors have played a fatal role in the history of the USSR.
the anti-Alcohol campaign
By 1984, the level of alcohol consumption in the Soviet Union exceeded 14 litres of pure alcohol per capita. This forced the Soviet leadership to take serious measures to prevent soldering of the country. In may 1985, launched an unprecedented scale anti-alcohol campaign: vodka has risen in price almost twice, cut down unique vineyards, artificially reduced production of wine and vodka products.
the State voluntarily deprived themselves of important sources of income, where the sale of alcohol was a from the Stalinist era. But soon the price of oil and gas, which constituted almost 60% of all income in the Soviet budget, collapsed, and a “financial cushion” in the form of proceeds from the sale of vodka on the domestic market was not there. The Soviet Union was in economic collapse.
Support the “revolutionary Communist movement” around the world
it is the Soviet Union spent billions of dollars. However, the struggle for influence with the United States in each “cell of the globe”, ended with zilch. Right after the USSR and then the Russian Federation has stopped funding the “revolutionary Communist” movement in particular States or curled at all, or have acquired are “non-Communist” forms.
the Suppression of the Hungarian uprising, 1956
in the Fall of 1956, the Soviet army brutally suppressed the uprising in Hungary. At a meeting of the Politburo of the CPSU Central Committee had to make a decision on Hungary. The first Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Nikita Khrushchev said the following:
“If we leave Hungary, it’ll cheer the Americans, the British and French imperialists. They will understand [that] our weakness and they will come”.
This decision had a negative impact nwhile the romantic image of the Soviet Union, which was formed in the West after the Second world war.
the Suppression of the “Prague spring”, 1968
In the late 1960s, “world socialist system” had your strength. Relations with the fraternal peoples was difficult, but in relations with the West were observed stalemate “discharge”. It was possible to breathe easily and focus on Eastern Europe.
the battle for the “correct” understanding of the Union of the allied countries on the sidelines of the NATO was called “Brezhnev doctrine”. Doctrine and became law on the delinquent invasion of Czechoslovakia. 20 Aug 1968 began the military operation “Danube”. International (mainly Soviet) army in record time “took” Prague, capturing all strategically important objects. Thus ended the Prague spring. The reputation of the USSR as a bulwark of social justice among the citizens of Eastern European countries was lost.
Shooting in Novocherkassk, 1962
in the Spring of 1957, the First Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Nikita Khrushchev actually declared an internal default in the country, having made the decision to suspend payments on all issues of “Stalinist” bonds, which were at the time mandatory and the subscription of which the Soviet citizen took sometimes up to three months ‘ salary annually. Well, soon, “at the request of workers”, it was decided to raise retail prices for meat and meat products by 30 %. This led to massive unrest in many cities.
the Most terrible tragedy occurred in the spring of 1962 in Novocherkassk, when a demonstration of workers was suppressed with machine-gun fire. From that moment, a large part of Soviet citizens lost forever the credibility of the government. This feeling was succeeded by the citizens of modern Russia.
the Creation of the putsch, August 1991
it is Unknown how many existed a country called “USSR”, if on 19 August, the streets of Moscow there were tanks. “TV”, reporting the illness of the President of the USSR, went on the ballet, and the whole responsibility for what is happening in the country was borne by the State committees.t for a state of emergency. Most of the time.
invasion of Afghanistan
In 1979 the Soviet leadership, in order to stop the civil war in neighboring Afghanistan, introduced to a limited contingent of troops. This caused a strong reaction in the West: in particular, in protest of the USA and some other countries announced a boycott of the Moscow Olympics held in 1980. Two decades later, when the Soviet Union was no longer on the map of the world, U.S. intelligence agencies have acknowledged that played not the last role in the involvement of the USSR in a military conflict. The former Director of the CIA in his memoirs admitted that the Americans began to provide military assistance to the Afghan Mujahideen even before the Soviet invasion, provoking the decision of the Soviet leadership.
every year on the Afghan conflict, the Soviet Union has spent about 2-3 billion us dollars. The Soviet Union could not afford it at the peak of oil prices, which was observed from 1979 to 1980. However, in the period from November 1980 to June 1986, oil prices fell by almost six times! Participation in the Afghan conflict has become prohibitively expensive in virtually drained the economy.
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