History 09/03/20 Plan “dropshot” how the US wanted to lose 300 atomic bombs on the USSR
the Cold war threatened to go “hot” phase long before the Cuban missile crisis. After the Second world war, while the Soviet Union was the development of the atomic bomb, the Pentagon planned massive bombing of 100 Soviet cities.
the Looming competition
the Industrial potential of the United States military has increased due to military orders, to the end of 1945, the US accounts for 2/3 of world industrial production in the States supplied half the world’s steel. American military hegemony could only be countered by one power — the Soviet Union. Is the us government aware in time of war.
may 16, 1944 the chiefs of staff (JCS) of the United States issued a report in which the Soviet Union was recognized as the second pole of geopolitical influence.
Already two months after the surrender of Japan, 3 November 1945, the JCS, the U.S. received the report No. 329 of the joint intelligence Committee. In its first paragraph it was clearly stated: “take Away approximately 20 targets suitable for strategic nuclear bombing of the Soviet Union”.
Upcoming match inexorably gained momentum.
14 December 1945 a joint Committee of military planning of the USA issued the Directive No. 432/d, which stated that the most effective weapon for striking at the Soviet Union recognized the United States atomic bomb.
Hot cold war threat
After Churchill’s Fulton speech (March 5 1946) no doubt — the world has entered another war – the cold. The Americans were in the hands of the trump card — a nuclear bomb, but us intelligence reported that the Soviet Union is also in progress to develop these weapons.
In the U.S. military with machine-gun speed has released all new plans of attack on the Soviet Union.
the First plan was called the “Pincher” he was drafted on March 2, 1946and. Then followed plans “Bushwacker”, by “krankshaft”, “Hafmun”, “Cogwell, Offtek”. In 1948 he developed the “charioteer tank destroyer”, in which the attack was supposed to be already 70 Soviet cities, they planned to throw 200 atomic bombs. The cold war threatened to go to the “hot phase”.
it means NATO
the United States could not enter into a confrontation with the Soviet Union without international support. April 4, 1949, announced the establishment of NATO. In the anti-Soviet coalition thus involved more and more countries, respectively, and increased as the number of warheads and the scale of the alleged aggression.
Finally, on 19 December 1949 the chiefs of staff approved the plan “dropshot”, which is January 1, 1957, could begin large-scale operation of NATO forces, the beginning it was supposed to be a bombing of Soviet cities 100 300 atomic bombs of 250 thousand tons of conventional bombs.
the Advantage in the sky
By the early 1950s the United States had absolute superiority over the Soviet Union in nuclear capabilities in the Navy and in the number of strategic bombers. Shtatovskih B47Stratojet B36 Peacemaker bombers could take off from bases in the UK or Japan, to get to the Central regions of the USSR, more light bombers “AJ-2”, “A-3” and “A-4” hypothetically could have committed the attacks on the peripheral areas of the Soviet Union.
Under the blows of American carrier-based aircraft fell Murmansk, Tallinn, Kaliningrad, Sevastopol, Odessa.
At this time in the arms of the USSR was a strategic bomber “TU-4”, but the range of their flight, based on the territory of the USSR, not enough for large-scale bombing of a potential enemy. Bombers “TU-16” also lacked sufficient range.
According to the plans of American strategists, defeated the Soviet Union was to be the occupation and had to be divided into four “zones of responsibility”: the Western part of USSR, Caucasus – Ukraine, the Urals – Western Siberia – Turkestan, Eastern SIBIPb – Transbaikalia, Primorye.
the territory was split by 22 “area of responsibility”. Two American divisions were garrisoned in Moscow, one in Leningrad, Minsk, Murmansk, Gorki, Kuibyshev, Kiev and in 15 cities of the USSR.
Joseph Stalin knew about the plans of the Pentagon, but remained icy calm. At the end of August 1949 the USSR successfully tested a Soviet atomic bomb, “RDS-1”.
the United States did not dare to carry out their plans. American military analysts came to the conclusion that the chances of a successful attack is very small – 70 %, taking out nine strategic areas of the Soviet Union could entail a loss of 55% of the bombers that were critical to the defense of the country.
In 1955, the Soviet Union was put into operation air defense system “Berkut”. It consisted of radar station B-200, the radar station of the circular review “Kama”, a radio-controlled rocket-300 anti-aircraft complexes s-25. This system for its time was a real triumph. The US plans were thwarted.
© Russian Seven
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