“to Live in rent is to live pending a bureaufax”. Jordi Puigcorbé what he says because he lives it. Speaking in the communal area with swimming pool of the building where she lives in Badalona, next to Barcelona. Floors in second line of sea, new district, large balconies… but full of banners which cry out against the rise of rents that you want to apply the property in terminated contracts: up to 80%. The contract Puigcorbé ends in July, and ensures that could not take a raise as well. “Or we stop it or we have to go, there is no middle ground”, he sighs, and regrets that it does not regulate the price of rents. Speaks in the plural because the tenants, all families with children, go to a to avoid that nobody will have to leave.
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floors are the property of the investment fund Lazora, who bought them to Solvia the past summer. They are also of Lazora several buildings in Torrejón de Ardoz, in Madrid. Here the profile of dwellings and tenants is different: low-income families, tenants of flats that had been the town Hall, which he sold, and when you lose that protection in 2018, the fund also raises raises inasumibles for its inhabitants.
Luis, a neighbor of a block in the neighborhood of Soto del Henares, you already have the bureaufax: the contract will end at the end of the month. “Payment 406 and I propose to 780”. With his wife unemployed and a child, and with the firmness of one who has been sitting several evenings with the invoices and calculator, warns that the market prices are not within your reach. The affected Torrejón —who also face a fabric company that makes the dialogue, points out Luis—, have also joined to try to curb the rise and the city Council supports them. “We don’t want to live free, but what they ask for is disproportionate. Limiting uploads is not a priority of the administrations”, regrets.
The cases of these residents illustrate how the crisis in the car has acquired a global dimension. Since it is not a problem of the capital or of low income households. Affects the centers and the peripheries, in cities large and small, to enclaves with tourist pressure and to those who are not. Tenants whose landlords are investment funds, owners, medium, small, and even the former home of protection. The prices of a few is dragging the rest.
In Badalona, explains his case also Jaume Domingo: a few years ago left the neighbourhood of Poblenou of Barcelona because the apartment where he lived had become too small and in that area prices were already through the roof. “You leave Barcelona because you can’t bear the prices and you just coming the blast”, he regrets. His contract ends in September 2020. The bureaufax called “the judgement”.
Asked for his version on the cases of Madrid and Torrejón, Lazora responds that in both cases, the homes are free and that “the policy of management of Lazora is based on the individual review of each case.” In Badalona, denies that the increases are 80% (the first three years bonifican 300 euros per month, point) and says the rent is updated “in line with the average price of the area.”
A month before the last election, in march, the Government of Pedro Sanchez adopted a decree on the rent, whose measure was to extend the duration of contracts of three to five years (seven if the owner is a big fork). Although he had been on the table in a negotiation with We, the decree did not restrict the price increases, as they cry out the entities for the right to housing and the tenants affected.
Six months after the elections of April 28, the situation of the rental is not improving. In the absence of official statistics for the whole of Spain, the latest reports, the Bank of Spain and the Ministry of Development suggest that the increases are maintained. The report of the Promotion indicates that up to 2018 the rentals range between 8,1 and 10.3 euros per square meter, exceeding the highs of 2007 in some cities. The report of the Bank of Spain, August, pointed to an average rise of 50% in the last five years (until may 2019), especially in the large cities, and alerted that they are households with fewer resources who live more than a rental.
The evictions for non-payment of rent also remain: were 109 per day, from January to June of this year, according to the General Council of the Judiciary, a figure that represents a very slight fall of 0.9% compared with the same period of 2018. Another worth noting is that families who pay more than rental the free-market that can afford to are 38.1%. All this, in a country of owners, each time there are more citizens living rental: 23.9% in 2018 (by adding up the market price, and lower free transfer), still below of 30.7% of the average of the European Union.
From the Union of Tenants, their spokesman, Jaime Palomera, remember that during the debate prior to the royal decree Can only and their confluences, CKD, Compromís and Bildu were supporters of regulating the price of the rentals. “What has happened since the last election is that prices have been able to follow up and could have been avoided if the PSOE had not refused to regulate them,” he summarizes. “The bubble of the car is no longer going population in the margins, it can happen to anyone, it is a precarious cross-sectional generated by speculation more wild, and without limitation, led to the ground of a fundamental right as is the housing,” he says.