Donald Trump met this Monday with what was promised since I was still a candidate for the White House and reported to the United Nations of its decision to abandon the Paris Agreement, a commitment of almost 200 countries against the climate crisis that it has lost the first world power. The american president had announced his intention of breaking with that consensus since the June 1, 2017, when there was not a or six months in the White House, and what has been formalized right on the first day that was allowed according to the rules of the pact. The effective output, however, may not occur until November of 2020, that is to say, next after the presidential elections u.s., which still leaves a glimmer of esperaza to the UN.
The secretary of State, Mike Pompeo, announced the measure this afternoon and tried to convey that Washington was committed to the climate crisis, just that his pace, in their way, a definition as “realistic”. “Today, we begin the formal process of withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. The united states is proud of its track record as a world leader in reducing emissions, spurring the resistance, the growth of our economy and ensuring the energy supply for our citizens”, noted on his Twitter account, to argue that the u.s. was a model “realistic and pragmatic”.
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For now, the model trumpista yes it has been a setback in the environmental policies promoted by the previous Administration, the democrat Barack Obama: also backtracked on dozens of orders and environmental programs driven by Obama: the removal of the protections of drilling offshore (that is to say, on the part of the inland waters to extract oil); the abolition of controls of methane emissions in oil and gas wells, through the reduction of the protection of endangered species, among others.
Any measure, however, of both political impact and global as the slamming of a door to the Paris Pact, reached in 2015, with Obama at the head of the demonstration, even if there is no de facto yet. It’s hard to imagine the success of such a multilateral agreement without the involvement of the world’s largest economy, although it has not resulted in a mass exodus of other Governments, a fear reasonable when the republican announced his decision of breaking up in June of 2017.
Up to 185 countries have ratified already and have submitted plans to cut their emissions of greenhouse gases, as specified in the covenant. Grosso modo, the plans of each Government must meet as a goal, the overall increase of the temperature does not exceed the end of the century the threshold of two degrees above pre-industrial levels. There is nothing easy in this roadmap, with or without the support of the united States: from 2015, when he signed the pact of Paris, the global emissions have increased.
from 2020 onwards, the date of the expiry of the Kyoto Protocol. It is envisaged that the measures to cut emissions committed by the States signatories of the agreement will begin to apply. The united states, which already unchecked Kyoto under the Administration of George Bush the son, opts for the same path and with a similar argument: the economy.
Trump behaved during the election campaign of 2016 as a holocaust denier of climate change, coming to call it “hoax” created by China to curb economic growth in the united States, which is the second issuer of global gas emissions. When he announced his retirement, two years ago, shied away from that path incendario and justified his decision with economic arguments, ensuring that the requirements for a estadonidenses, compared to other countries, were harmful. “This agreement has little to do with climate and more to do with other countries taking advantage of the united States. It is a punishment for US. China may raise its emissions, compared to the restrictions that we have imposed,” said the president.
The effective output of any signer can only take place four years after its entry into force, which began in November of 2016. That leaves the real Washington after their election, with what is left at the mercy of a possible change of political colour in the White House. A string of cities and States, progressive governments have been put at the head of the climate fight while their federal Administration is going in the opposite direction.