What kind of

Another 06/03/20 Which “cleaning” gave Andropov after coming to power

At the helm of the Soviet Union Yuri Andropov spent a year with a small but memorable large-scale fight for the economic advancement of the country and campaign for the improvement of labor discipline. In parallel, the General Secretary of the CPSU has sharply reduced the party apparatus, having placed in important positions of his court. Later, it was the reign of Andropov called a forerunner of “perestroika”, but many of his appointees will assign the label “St. Petersburg reformers”.

cleaning in favor of “their”

Started when Yuri Andropov reshuffle in the party and state apparatus as “cleaning” will not be called. For his 15 months in power in the USSR was replaced by the 18 Ministers – more than one per month. In addition, it was re-elected 37 first secretaries of regional committees of the CPSU. In Moscow, it was replaced about 30 percent of party leaders. About the same in Ukraine and in Kazakhstan.

However, long remain vacant, many posts do not have to. Andropov as the man of action who wanted a serious economic reforms and launched the fight against corruption, immediately began to form around him a team of associates. Its composition is actually predupredili the tasks that the new Secretary General put before him for the top post. For transformations in the economy, he pulled up in the direction of people active. But as a descendant of the KGB, where he presided for 15 years, Andropov did not neglect the “spirit”, relying on proven frames, the value of which was particularly intensified in the party struggle, and in struggle against dishonest officials.

However, according to the memoirs of contemporaries, in personnel matters Andropov tried to stick to a cautious line. He strengthened his position, but tried not to interfere with other members of the leadership: Chernenko, Tikhonov, Grishin, Shcherbitsky. It is impossible to speak about excessive “chemiserie of” leadership The Soviet Union under a new Secretary General: it is known, for example, that he is quite critical of widespread at that time the joke about the renaming of the Central Committee of the CPSU in the “KGB of the Communist party”.

Perhaps it is the flexibility of personnel policy of Andropov differed from the line taken by his predecessors – the same Joseph Stalin or Leonid Brezhnev.

Who got the chance

Andropov in senior management broke a number of regional politicians, who with the blessing of the new Secretary General is then, without exaggeration, will go down in history.

So, the ladder moved Grigory Romanov, the first Secretary of the Leningrad regional party Committee from 1970 to 1983. He was appointed Secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU, where he was in charge of the Department of administrative organs, the defense Department and the Department of mechanical engineering. After the death of Andropov “master” – namely so, according to party member of the Vyborg district Committee Valence Nikiforova, Leningrad was called Romanov – will be one of the main contenders for the post of Secretary General.

Another “rising regional” Andropov was Yegor Ligachev – until 1983, the permanent first Secretary of the Tomsk regional party Committee. On the proposal of Andropov, aged 63 years, was appointed head of the Department of organizational-party work of the Communist party. In fact, Ligachev became the “chief of personnel”. He was responsible for strengthening the position of team Secretary General of regional party organizations. As a result of the shuffle, according to experts, he was able to bring in their share of “their” up to 70 percent.

for Example, the post of first Secretary of the Krasnodar regional Committee of the CPSU in July 1982, took Vitaly Vorotnikov, before defending the USSR as Ambassador to Cuba. And to be an Ambassador to the Outpost of socialism in the New world means to coordinate the activity of the USSR in Latin America. And it implied a close connection with the KGB.

the Collar is a good example of the regional Manager of the days of Andropov. For example, when in the region, several thousand people were expelled from the party, although the peak of these withcircumstances occurred in 1984-1986. Despite this, in 1983 the former diplomat went on increasing: first was appointed to the post of Chairman of the RSFSR Council of Ministers, and then became a candidate member of the Politburo.

there were more bright representative of the “security officers” in command Andropov was appointed Chairman of the KGB Viktor Chebrikov. For the benefit of the state security bodies he worked for 15 years and was familiar with the future Secretary General: in the last year of work in the secret service he was his Deputy.

Speaking about the team Andropov, we should not forget perhaps the most prominent of its representatives. It is when it is close to the top management became Heydar Aliyev, and then for ten years managing an independent Azerbaijan. But the main thing – “outside the power” became Mikhail Gorbachev, after some time, elected the first and only President of the USSR Nikolai Ryzhkov, along with Gorbachev entered history as the ideologist of the economic reforms of “perestroika”. The latest in the development of the state policy on assignment Akopova also drew on the work of many prominent scientists, including Oleg Bogomolov, Georgy Arbatov and Tatyana Zaslavskaya. Among them were the notorious Yegor Gaidar and Anatoly Chubais.

after becoming head of the Union, Gorbachev in his early years were guided by elaborated upon in 1982-1983 principles. And although the same Ryzhkov and Ligachev is known primarily for its activities in recent years, the existence of Soviets, in the 90 years they have persistently asked journalists and historians to rank them by Gorbachev’s team. Their team has created Andropov.

Ivan Resepi

© Russian Seven

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