What Soviet men were exempted from conscription to the front

History 21/03/20 What Soviet men were exempted from conscription to the front

the Number released from military service in the army during world war II in the Soviet Union was largely dependent on the size and strategic importance of the settlement. In Moscow, the reservation had more than 40% of men of military age, while in villages this indicator does not exceed 5%.

authorities Released

In the first place was exempt from conscription to the front executives – chairmen of the territorial, regional, city and district party committees. Often in the occupied territory they were headed the guerrilla units operating behind enemy lines. In the villages often called all who came for health reasons. Often in the village during the war, remained alone women, the elderly and minor children.
Also had the armor of the Director of factories and other businesses, especially representing a strategic importance in wartime. At the outskirts of the Nazis to the town of heads of the enterprises evacuated equipment in remote regions of the Soviet Union and ourselves went there to organize production.
Not subject to appeal and mid-level professionals of factories, many skilled workers of enterprises, employees of agencies responsible for the livelihood and security of the settlements.

workers on the ideological front

Actors, artists, composers and musicians, writers and poets, scientists – this is only a partial list of professions, the holders of which were entitled to from your call on the front. Artists, such as, for example, as Arkady Raikin, Vasily Kachalov and Igor Ilyinsky, participated in the concert brigades traveled on the positions of our troops with concerts. Artists (famous trio Kukryniksy, Boris Efimov, Irakli Toidze) drew posters and flyers designed. Who had reservations writers and poets have often been military correspondents (Boris Atleft, Konstantin Simonov).

why put fellow players Starostin

were Exempt from conscription and many athletes. As example is the story of four brothers, Starostin, known to players of “Spartak”. They had a reservation, according to investigators, the money helped to “hang” from the front to the dozens of other military service and at the same time spread anti-Soviet agitation. All four of you and a few others from the sport society “Spartak” as a result, planted camps of the Gulag.
by the Way, cases of “otmazyvany” from the army and issuing phony reservation during the great Patriotic war were frequent. To criminal prosecution on such cases were involved in dozens of military Commissars and workers of draft boards.
national feature call
In the current military part is not called the representatives of some nationalities, who were citizens of the USSR: Germans, Romanians, Finns, Bulgarians, Greeks, Turks, Japanese, Koreans, Chinese, Hungarians and Austrians. They had to be in the so-called workers ‘ columns of labor units of the red Army, something like a battalion. Poles, Lithuanians and Latvians, Czechs and Estonians also initially not subject to appeal. In 1942, imposed a ban on the call of the highland natives of Chechnya-Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria and Dagestan.

Why was “bitch wars”

Not called to the front of the political prisoners on the 58th article. Until 1943 armor was thieves and criminals and serving time for common crimes. Then when the war was broken and the red Army took fresh strength, turn and reached them. Bandits, thieves in law to serve not told a thieves ‘ code, but many of them Patriotic reasons these conventions have been neglected. As a result, at the end of the great Patriotic war, when recapture thieves relapsed and was back in the area, the lawyers of the old school, they are no longer considered authorities. These differences between “spun” thieves-and not the veterans who fought authorities resulted in the so-called bitch war with many casualties on both sides.

“Sick” reason

do Not take the edge is clearly unfit for military service for health reasons – people with mental illness (e.g., schizophrenics), with very poor eyesight, people with disabilities, TB patients.
Many of those who were supposed reservation (not just illness), went to the front as volunteers. In the film “the meeting Place cannot be changed” gives an example with the son of the hero, played Zinovy Gerdt, who had official permission to serve short-sighted violinist went to war and died, while the crook Basaev (Smoked) a certificate of the lime hernia just bought. Himself Gerdt as “booked” artist, too, could not serve, but went to the front as a volunteer, was severely wounded and was demobilized with the rank of Lieutenant. He was a knight of the order of the red Star.

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