History 19/03/20 Why the Vice-President Rutskoy was going to bomb Tbilisi
History knows many examples of internecine strife, when you are fighting with each other close and seemingly related peoples and territories. Often, such conflicts interfere with the third, more powerful party-the arbitrator. In this case, the conflict can be dramatically suppressed, and the opposite, inflamed even more. In 1992, global Georgian-South Ossetian massacre by joint efforts, fortunately, managed to escape. But then blood could really shed very much.
the Beginning and the development of armed conflict
South Ossetian war of 1991-1992 is rooted in 1988. Then in the Wake of rising nationalist sentiments of the Georgian political force began to gain Zviad Gamsakhurdia. By the time he has already become a prominent figure of the dissident movement and even nominated for the Nobel Peace prize in 1978.
Since the summer of 1988 the Georgian nationalists under the leadership of Gamsakhurdia sought the abolition of the autonomies of Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Since March 1989, the political situation in Georgia became truly threatening. Gamsakhurdia and his associates organized in Tbilisi open-ended meeting, which was intended to achieve their goals
on 4 April 1989, the Abkhazians declared their intention to secede from the Georgian SSR. 9 APR nationalist rally could overclock, but the flywheel, however, was already promoted.
November 23, 1989 Georgian nationalists tried to carry out a large-scale aggressive rally in Tskhinvali, and to this end pulled in a town of about 50 thousand people. However, the column of the “protesters” were stopped at the entrance to the city.
September 20, 1990 was proclaimed Republic of South Ossetia, to which Gamsakhurdia was unable to look indifferent. In January-April 1991 he sent the newly made territory of military formations subordinate to the different GRUzenskim political and clan forces.
In January 1992 Gamsakhurdia was deposed and it seemed that the conflict here-here will stop. Become to even discuss the possibility of holding a referendum on joining South Ossetia to the Russian Federation, with the majority of the population of the Republic were in favour of joining. However, in the spring of 1992 fighting was resumed.
By the middle of June 1992, the Georgian military came close to Tskhinvali.
the Activity of Alexander Rutskoi on the Georgian-South Ossetian direction
the Decision to send troops into the territory of another country have to take the head of state. But it so happened that during the escalation of the confrontation between Boris Yeltsin departed with the first state visit to the United States – and no guidance on the resolution of the conflict have left. It had “included” the second person in the country.
In June 1992 the Vice-President of the Russian Federation, major-General and hero of the Soviet Union Alexander Rutskoi ordered the air strikes on groups, sneaks to the South Ossetian capital. Rutskoi also called at that time, Georgian President Eduard Shevardnadze. The conversation went tense: the Soviet commander threatened yet in the appendage and the bombing of Tbilisi, if the Georgian aggression is not stopped immediately.
Subsequently, the General did not regret his decision. “No one has the right to kill people, and there is a political definition of “peace enforcement”. So do not be sentimental,” later Rutskoi said in an interview. Moreover, he believes that the then Soviet leadership was hesitant. According to the politician, to use force against Georgia was necessary as soon as the massacre began.
the Situation escalated to the limit – and needed as soon as possible to cool her down. The initiators of reconciliation were made by Yeltsin and Shevardnadze.
the Outcome of conflict
on 24 June 1992 in Sochi, the hotel complex “Dagomys” the leadership of Russia, Georgia, South Ossetia and North Ossetia signed withagreement that stopped the bloodshed.
during the Georgian-South Ossetian confrontation was the precedent of the entry of the mixed peacekeeping of the armed forces of different countries to the conflict zone in the former Soviet Union.
According to the Sochi agreements provided for a cease-fire and the withdrawal of troops from the conflict zone. Formally the war between the parties, “frozen” for an indefinite period, although the practical implementation of this strategy still raises questions. South Ossetia has introduced a quadripartite peacekeeping force. Was created the joint control Commission, or CCM, whose scope included the oversight of a real ceasefire and for the solution of pressing domestic issues in areas of recent fighting.
Russia, under the agreements, has pledged to withdraw from Tskhinvali and its environs helicopter and engineer regiments stationed there since Soviet times and included subsequently in the Russian jurisdiction.
Finally, the envisaged provisions in accordance with which the parties undertook to launch an economic recovery destroyed by the war in the region. Subsequently, Georgia “offended” and sabotaged the item, deeming it for the payment of reparations.
July 9, 1992 in the conflict zone with the goal of restoring order was introduced peacekeeping forces. The result of 18 months of the war in South Ossetia were 1000 killed and 2500 wounded.
the Fire, perhaps the largest of the Caucasus conflict in history was extinguished. And escaped with relatively small casualties.
© Russian Seven
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