History 25/03/20 How many killed Soviet soldiers during the suppression of the Hungarian uprising
October 23, 1956 Hungarian uprising broke out, which some sources have called the Hungarian revolution, in other contrarevolucionarios rebellion. In fact, this event, like most such rebellions, it was just another struggle for power, which killed several thousand people.
Such changeable freedom fighters
Until 1944 Hungary was performed under one banner with Hitler and participated in the struggle against the Soviets. However, after in September the 44th to the Austro-Hungarian border came the Red Army, the head of the local regime, Horthy signed an armistice with the Soviet Union.
However, during the confrontation, the Hungarian army had become famous for his cruelty, and about 30 000 soldiers to fall into Soviet captivity.
One of these captives and was PAL Maleter, which in 1956 became famous as a fighter for the freedom of Hungary from “the Soviet occupation”. Interestingly, in captivity, he changed his ways, renounced fascist ideas and soaked with communism so much that he began to cooperate with the investigation and was an active participant in guerrilla warfare against the Hungarians and Germans.
PAL Maleter even received the order of the red Star, but according to friends, “changed his mind”. October 25, instead of to suppress the Hungarian uprising, he moved to the side of the rebels and eventually became the leader of the rebel forces.
the Second key figure of the Hungarian uprising was Imre Nagy, who also had to war with Russia, but during the First World war. He has also been rehabilitated in captivity and even was an informer of the NKVD. However, back in 1944, the year at home was not the first person, and was comforted by the Ministerial posts.
However, the most important in this period was the post of Minister of internal Affairs. During this time, Imre Nagy made the return of many Hungarians from sovetskogoabout captivity. It is worth noting that not all former prisoners of war changed their fascist worldview.
Four years later, Nagy made a speech against the Communist party, accusing the Secretary General in the absence of the ability to work with the staff. For this, and was immediately expelled from the Central Committee. But in 1950, the year he returned as Minister of agriculture after a public penance, and perhaps by the request of the curators of the NKVD.
it would be possible certainly to know from KGB archives that passed to Gorbachev, Vladimir Kryuchkov with a note about what Nadia should not be disinterested and honest man. However, Mr. Gorbachev was immediately handed over this archive of the Hungarian side, which is still not released.
After Stalin’s death, Imre Nagy finally managed to place the head of the government of Hungary. Likely to occur that could only with the approval of the Soviet government, which decided that the previous Prime Minister, Rakosi, too ardent Stalinist.
we Must pay tribute to Nadia, who at the head of Hungary was able to solve economic problems, but two years later (in 1955) was deposed as Prime Minister, and the “Stalinists” returned to power.
Undercover game fueled by the exposure of the “cult of Stalin’s personality”. Moreover, fascist Hungary is still here, in the country was enough not only returned from Soviet captivity followers of Horthy, but also local hidden fascists, who never was punished.
22 October 1956, Polytechnic University was visited by Colonel Nodar, who agitated students to go out and fight for their rights. Interestingly, in the Central archive of the FSB you can find information about what this Hungarian Colonel helped the American military attaché in the acquisition of Soviet MIG-17.
In the end, the young people put forward a list of demands, among which was a ban on the supply of uranium from the USSR (although it has not exported), and also the purpothe Ghost of Imre Nagy, the head of the government, the demolition of the monument to Stalin. Students urged all unhappy to go out.
Andropov, who at that time held the position of Ambassador, reported to Moscow that the opposition and the reaction plan to carry the fight to the street, and the country’s leadership does not know what to do.
not to succumb to provocations
“peaceful” protest soon turned into clashes, strike force were hardisty, who began a battle with the Hungarian authorities near the House Radio. Across the capital began raids on arms depots.
Hungarian military was ordered not to intervene, and in any case not to open fire. Soviet troops were ordered to move to Budapest to help the military in the protection of strategic facilities. While the soldiers were forbidden to succumb to provocations and open fire first, which resulted in subsequent losses.
the next day, Nadia gave a complete carte Blanche, he made a conciliating address to the inhabitants of the city, and it seemed that the conflict was over. However, on 25 October at the Parliament building in Budapest from the roof of the building opposite on the Soviet military opened fire. And after the soldiers began to shoot, the unknown began to shoot into the crowd. Killing about 60 people and more than 280 were wounded.
the Country was plunged into chaos, and Nagy decided to join the radical: October 28, he personally canceled the operation to sweep insurgents. And speaking on the radio said that the country’s sweeping revolution, and the Hungarian leadership has condemned the views of the Soviet government on what is happening.
the country began a civil war, because not everyone shared the new views Nadia. Hardisty kill all who resist and hang heads down, as they did during World war II.
How many people died
Turned away from Nadia and his own military, who knew that with the departure of Soviet troops, the situation will worsen. Of protof our competitors Nadia was formed a worker-peasant government, which asked for Advice about immediate intervention.
Until Nagy requested the United Nations to support the independence of Hungary, Marshal Zhukov has developed the operation “Whirlwind” in which the rebellion was suppressed for 4 days. Power passed to the Revolutionary worker-peasant government.
In the end, according to various estimates, killed from 2652 to 2,700 Hungarians, with about 300 of them were killed by artistami, more than 348 civilians, and also 19226 people were wounded.
the Soviet side suffered losses, according to various estimates, from 669 to 720 killed, from 1251 to 1540 wounded and 51 missing.
In 1989 after anti-Communist revolutions in Eastern Europe, Imre Nagy and PAL Maleter were reburied with solemn ceremony, and Nadia announced by the Hungarian national hero. At the same time the most active heads of the rebels were installed memorial signs.
© Russian Seven
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