Khrushchev, Andropov and Chernenko: what did the leaders of the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic

History 05/03/20 Khrushchev, Andropov and Chernenko: what did the leaders of the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic

Everyone knows that the only head of the Soviet Union, who fought at the front in the Great Patriotic war, was Leonid Brezhnev. N. Khrushchev, Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko age is also allowed to go to defend their Homeland with weapons in their hands — but they had a different fate. Let’s see what the head of the Soviet state, instead of to fight together with the entire Soviet people.


In 1941, Nikita Khrushchev was 47 years old. In that period he was a member of the CPSU Central Committee and first Secretary of the Communist party of Ukraine, that is actually the leader of this Federal Republic. In those days he was known as very loyal to Stalin Communist who dutifully implement repressive policies. When the war started, he became a military Commissioner of the five fronts of the southern, southwestern and Western directions. Simply put, he was a staff-officer of higher rank. That is, in the war he was involved, but as a commander, not a fighter. Note that combat experience Khrushchev already was — during the Civil war, he led a detachment of the red guard, and then was an instructor of the political Department of the army.

However, apparently, such experience was not enough. His activity in the position of military Commissioner is evaluated rather negatively. The two big defeats to the Soviet army encirclement of Soviet troops near Kiev in 1941 and unsuccessful battles near Kharkov in 1942 – he had a direct relationship.

the Role of Khrushchev in Kiev tragedy contradictory. Many accuse it that the Soviet troops who have not received the order to retreat, were surrounded. But it is not. Khrushchev the order just given, and without consulting with Stalin. But due to the fact that the decision was not agreed with the rate, it has not entered into force and did not reach the troops.

In 1942, the Soviet army suffered the defeat at Kharkov and the Germans advanced the front line to the Caucasus. Our connections received orders to resist to the end, although it was obvious that because of the shortage of resources, the city fails to hold. In the end, we suffered heavy losses, the Germans were able to take positions that were more advantageous than those that would have got them if the defenders of Kharkov retreated. Here, too, there was a mistake of the Soviet command, which is often attributed to Khrushchev. However, it did not it personally, but a collective Council of war.


Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov, head of the USSR from 1982 to 1984, in 1941, was 27 years old. At this time he, Komsomol activist, establish the work of the Komsomol in the territories of the newly formed Karelo-Finnish SSR. His military period, the official biography of Andropov reported briefly in the beginning of the war organized guerrilla underground from 1942 to 1944 under the call sign of the Mohicans were involved in the formation of the Komsomol underground on the territory of Karelia, occupied by the Germans and the Finns. In the book Yu Slatina “Andropov. Karelia. The years 1940-1951” provides documentary evidence of partisan activities Andropov. For example, a fragment of the memoirs of the partisan Silva Udaltsova:

“In July 1943 together with a group of friends, I was summoned to the Central Committee of the Communist party of KFSSR and set before us a task: to penetrate into the territory occupied by chistoserdova district, to create an underground party and Komsomol organizations, to establish strong connection with the local population, among which deploy political work, aimed at disrupting the activities carried out by the occupation authorities to provide the necessary intelligence data to the Centre.

… Before we Sheltozero visited the cohesive forces of the Communist party of the Republic of Anna Lisitsyna Maria Melentieva, later awarded for courage and bravery the title of Hero of the Soviet Union. In Sheltozero was sent and worked I. I., Zinoviev and a number of other comrades. However, to establish a permanent work underground for a long period of not could. Our group consisted of: D. M. Gorbachev, Secretary of the underground Communist party, P. I. Udaltsov – Secretary of the underground district Committee of the Komsomol, M. F. Asanov – connected and I – a radio operator of the group. When I was assigned as a radio operator, I just turned 19 years old.

We were accompanied by Y. V. Andropov, Secretary of the Central Committee of Komsomol of Republic. Flying to the rear on four U-2 planes. Yuri approached each group that was standing by the plane, and spoke again words of encouragement”.


Konstantin Ustinovich, “the strangest ruler of Russia”, became General Secretary in 1984, being frail and sick old man.

Chernenko was born in the Siberian family, grew up tough guy. His mother was totalally and her father was Ukrainian. From his youth he was accustomed to hard labor, worked in the mines. In the 1930s he was drafted into the army, where he joined the young Communist League, having decided to become an activist. In 1941, he was 30 years old. By this time he was also already an established party figure — head of the Department of agitation and propaganda of the two district committees of the CPSU (b) in the Krasnoyarsk region. In 1943 he was sent to the party courses in Moscow which he completed in 1945. it is Worth noting that it is itself the then position was low and did not release him from military duty. Apparently, not to get to the front of a strong young man helped his sister, who worked as head of the organization Department of the Krasnoyarsk city Committee and was in good relations with Averky Aristov, head of the Krasnoyarsk territory.

Alexander Artamonov

© Russian Seven

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