History 21/03/20 Moroccan gomery: what did the main perpetrators of the Second world
However, one of the most terrible pages in the history of the world inscribed in it divisions of the allied forces who liberated Europe from the Nazis. French, and in fact, the Moroccan expeditionary force received the title of the main thugs of the war.
as part of the French expeditionary corps, fought several regiments of Moroccan Gumerov. In these units were recruited Berbers representatives of the native tribes of Morocco. The French army during the Second world war used Gumerov in Libya, where they fought with Italian troops in 1940. Moroccan gomery also took part in the battles in Tunisia, took place in 1942-1943.
In 1943, allied troops landed in Sicily. Moroccan gomery disposal of the allied command was given to the 1st us infantry division. Some of them participated in the fights for liberation from the Nazis the island of Corsica. By November 1943, the Moroccan soldiers were relocated to mainland Italy, where in may 1944, made the transition through Avrutskii mountains. Subsequently, shelves Moroccan Gumiero participated in the liberation of France, and at the end of March 1945, first broke into Germany from the “Siegfried line”.
Why they were sent to fight in Europe
Gomery rarely went into battle for reasons of patriotism – Morocco was under the French protectorate, but they did not consider it their homeland. The main reason was the prospect of a decent by the standards of the country in wages, increase military prestige, a manifestation of loyalty to the heads of their clans, directing soldiers to fight.
In shelves Gumerov often recruited the poorest inhabitants of the Maghreb, the highlanders. Most of them were illiterate. The French officers had to play in them the role of wise counselors, replacing the authority of the chiefs.
As they fought
In the battles of the Second world war involved at least 22 000 citizens of Morocco. Constant number of Moroccan regiments up to 12 000 people, while 1625 soldiers were killed in the fighting, and 7500 were injured.
According to some historians, the Moroccan soldiers proved themselves in battle mountain, being in familiar surroundings. Homeland of the tribes of the Berbers of the Moroccan Atlas mountains, so gumery well bore crossings in the highlands.
Other researchers are categorical: the Moroccans were average warriors, but they managed to surpass even the Nazis in the brutal murders of prisoners. Gomery could not and did not want to leave the ancient practice of cutting the corpses of the enemies ears and noses. But the main horror of the settlements, which included Moroccan soldiers, was the mass rape of civilians.
the First news about the rape of Moroccan soldiers the Italians recorded December 11, 1943, d-day, Gumerov in Italy. It was about four soldiers. The French officers were not able to control the actions of Gumerov. Historians have noted that “this was the first echoes of the behaviour, which subsequently, long associated with the Moroccans”.
in March 1944 during the first visit of de Gaulle on the Italian front, the locals approached him with a hot request to return Gumerov in Morocco. De Gaulle promised to bring them only as of the carabinieri for the protection of public order.
may 17, 1944 American soldiers in one of the villages heard the desperate cries of raped women. According to their testimonies, gomery repeated what the Italians did in Africa. However, the allies were really shocked: the report of the British says about rape guerami on the streets women, young girls, adolescents of both sexes, as well as the prison.
Horror at Monte Cassino
One of the most horrible acts of the Moroccan Gumerov in Europe – the story of the liberation from Hitlerovtsev Monte Cassino. The allies managed to capture this ancient Abbey in Central Italy may 14, 1944. After their final victory at Cassino command announced “fifty hours of freedom” – the South of Italy was for three days given at the mercy of Moroccans.
Historians say that after the battle Moroccan gomery committed brutal massacres in the surrounding villages. Was raped all girls and women to be saved and teenage boys. The records of the 71st German division record 600 rapes of women in the small town of Spigno in just three days.
When trying to save their relatives, friends or neighbors were killed over 800 men. The pastor of the town of Esperia tried in vain to save the three women from the violence of the Moroccan soldiers gomery tied up the priest and raped all night, after which he soon died. Moroccans also looted and took everything that had any value.
Moroccans chose to gang rape the most beautiful girls. Each of them had queues of Gumerov wanting to have fun, while the other soldiers kept poor. So, two young sisters 18 and 15 years, were raped more than 200 Gumerov each. The younger sister died from his injuries and ruptures, the elder went crazy and 53 years until his death was contained in a psychiatric hospital.
In the historical literature about the Peninsula time from late 1943 to may 1945 bears the name of guerra al femminile – “war with women”. French military courts during this period was opened 160 criminal proceedings on charges of 360 entities. handed down the death penalty and severe punishments. In addition, many flat-footed rapists were shot at the scene.
In Sicily gomery raped all who were able to grab. Guerrillas in some areas of Italy ceased to fight with the Germans and started to save the surrounding villages from the Moroccans. A huge number of induced abortions and infections with venereal diseases standLelo terrible consequences for many small hamlets and villages in the regions of Lazio and Tuscany.
Italian writer Alberto Moravia wrote in 1957, his most famous novel, “Chacara” based on what he saw in 1943 when he and his wife were hiding in Ciociaria (the area in the region of Lazio). Based on the novel in the 1960’s film “Cachara” (in the English hire – “Two women”) with Sophia Loren in the title role. The heroine with a young daughter on the way in the liberation of Rome stop to rest in the Church of a small town. There they are attacked by several Moroccan Gumerov who raped both of them.
7 APR 1952 in the lower house of the Italian Parliament heard the testimonies of many victims. So, the mother of 17-year-old Molinari Vella spoke about the events of 27 may 1944 in Vallecorsa: “We were walking down the street Monte Lupino and saw Moroccans. The soldier is clearly attracted to the young Molinari. We begged not to touch us, but they did not listen. Two held me down while he raped Molinari at a time. When the last had finished, one of the soldiers took out a gun and shot my daughter.”
the 55-year-old Elisabetta Rossi from the district of Farneta recalled: “I was trying to protect his daughters 18 and 17 years old, but I was stabbed in the stomach. Bleeding profusely, I watched as they were raped. Five year old boy who does not understand what is happening, rushed to us. He fired several bullets in the stomach and took off into the ravine. The next day the child died.”
the Atrocities that a few months worked in Italy Moroccan gumery received from the Italian historians name marocchinate – derived from the name of his native country of rapists.
October 15, 2011, the President of the National Association of victims marocchinate emiliano Ciotti made an assessment of the scale of the incident: “of the many documents collected today, it is known that committed at least 20 000 reported cases of violence. This number still does not reflect the truth – the medical reports of those years have reported that two thirds outsilovan women out of shame or modesty, chose not to alert the authorities. Subject to a comprehensive assessment, we can confidently say that she was raped by at least 60,000 women. The average North African soldiers raped them in groups of two or three people, but we have also collected the testimony of women raped 100, 200 and even 300 soldiers,” said Ciotti.
After the Second world war, Moroccan gumery was urgently returned to the French authorities in Morocco. 1 August 1947, the Italian authorities sent the French government a formal protest. The answer was formal replies. The issue was raised of the Italian authorities in 1951, and 1993. The question remains open to this day.
© Russian Seven
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