History 25/03/20 Operation “the Trap”: why she became the successful operation of Soviet troops in Afghanistan.
the Operation “the Trap” will forever remain in the history of the Afghan war as one of the most successful. In the course of that operation were liquidated hundreds of Mujahideen and captured the famous base “Kakari-Sarari”. From the Soviet side lost only one soldier.
the Purpose and operation
according to the author of the book “Men are stronger than armor… veterans of the Afghan war Strugo-Krasnensky district” Alexey Fedorov, the main goal of the operation “the Trap” during the Afghan war was the defeat of the strategic fortified Mujahideen and transshipment base “Kakari-Sarkari” in Herat province. It is in this province have focused a well-trained foreign mercenaries and irreconcilable groups of Mujahideen. On the basis of the same, representing equipped for long-term defense district, held a vast quantity of ammunition, food and medicine. All the passages, including the trail to the “Kakari-Sarkari” has been thoroughly mined.
therefore, during the operation, “Entrapment”, under the command of General Valentine varennikova from 18 to 26 August 1986, were involved and aviation. Before the beginning of the ground part of the operation with the help of aviation was mined of the trail to the Ford on the Iranian border. This decision proved to be effective when the rebels began to leave the base. On August 21 with a landing of troops a thousand people began the ground phase of the “Trap”. Despite the fact that the troops came under heavy fire in connection with the presence of the enemy a large number of weapons and despite the heat of 50 degrees, water shortages and disruptions in supply, operation completed successfully. August 25, the base was taken.
the success of
the success of the operation “the Trap” was caused, according to Mikhail Jirkova, author of “Border aviation in the Afghan war”, long preparation and preliminaryretelei operational intelligence, and skillful leadership. Overall management of the operation, as mentioned above, was carried out by Valentin Varennikov, and direct – first Deputy commander of the 40th army of the Turkmenistan military region, major-General Georgi Kondratyev. According to the project developers, “the Trap” suggested a simultaneous combat operations in two remote from each other at 140-160 kilometers of areas. And the areas differed from each other and the landscape: one, the terrain was mountainous and the other is flat.
and the operation was carried out in two stages: first operated aircraft, and after the battle joined the ground part, including the widely used airborne troops. By the way, in a “Trap” involved a tremendous amount of aviation equipment, which was collected from different departments. On the airfield Sindad was deployed attack aircraft “su-2” of the assault regiment. Soviet soldiers were brought into place by helicopter. Much depended also on the skill of the pilots. The fact that one of the areas directly adjacent to the state border of Iran. And in order to prevent trespassing, the flight paths of aircraft in the area of the base ran along it.
the Consequences of the “Trap”
due to the fact that the operation “the Trap” was carefully planned and the military actions were clear and established, the loss on the part of Soviet troops was minimal: only killed one soldier. But the Mujahideen suffered a terrible defeat. How to write Y. A. Kozhemyakin and Alexander E. Korotkov in his book “su-25” in the fighting was liquidated hundreds of rebels, 26 different arsenals, 25 is intended for defense of a small fortress, 32 caves for shelter. However, field commander Ismail Khan along with a few surviving spooks managed to escape to Iran. However, a significant part of the armament of the fugitives still had to quit.
However, this circumstance in particular, and the result of the operation as a whole was the reasons that the opposition PPstyles hands: some rebels even expressed a desire to conclude agreements on the cessation of hostilities and expressed their readiness to move to the side of the government. Suitable agreement really was subsequently concluded. It is not surprising that the operation “Trap” remained in the history of the Afghan war as one of the most successful combined arms operations.
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