Weapons 23/03/20 “Schmeisser” against the PCA: which gun shoots better
Soviet cinema made the machine a symbol of wartime. The gunmen, wearing black helmets marching on the captured city; the guerrillas, with a characteristic Bang, shot German column.. each image flashes of the legendary “Schmeisser”. Machine rooted in the First World war, brought innovative solutions in the development of weapons, but left many questions in history.
the Prerequisites for the creation of submachine guns emerged during world war II. The first samples were created in 1915, but for the most part they consists of a conventional lightweight machine guns. In 1917, the German gunsmith Hugo Schmeisser (Hugo Schmeisser) patented his own version of gun machine-gun – MP-18, which represented a combination of forms of carbine and pistol mechanics, this decision formed the basis for future submachine guns. In turn, the MP-18 was adopted and had to go on the battlefield, but not for long.
Schmeiser or Formal
Germany was defeated in the war, but the development of submachine guns in the country has not stopped. Although the conditions of the Treaty of Versailles the production of many types of weapons in Germany was banned, machine guns continued to be produced as weapons for the police. The coming to power of Hitler gave German engineers a new impetus to development. In 1938 the German firm of ERMA receives an order for development of the gun for the army. The work was carried out under the guidance of renowned designer Henry Folmer, who has long worked on such weapons, the result was the legendary “Schmeisser”, or rather the MP38. It is noteworthy that the development was considered by the ideas of other German designers, including the infamous Hugo Schmeisser, but he had no direct relationship to RAzarabotke machine.
the War dictates changes
At the time of its appearance the MP38 was a real novelty. Machine made entirely of metal and plastic, which reduced the weight and reduced the cost of production. For the first time in the German sub-machine gun was used collapsible stock, which provided benefits to paratroopers and vehicle crews. In addition, the machine had a relatively low rate of fire of about 600 rounds per minute, which substantially increased the accuracy and grouping. By 1940 was upgraded MP 38: new automatic MP 40 is virtually identical to its predecessor, however, it is considering the simplification of production, has become a mass machine of the Wehrmacht from 1940 to 1944 was made about 750 thousand units of the weapon.
Advantages and disadvantages
With all the advantages Maschinenpistole 40 ( MP40) had a number of shortcomings. So used in the machine shop was prone to distorting enough naughty to pollution and difficult to loading, especially in winter. Show problems and with a folding stock: quickly shattered the lock. In addition, the slow rate of fire and a nine-millimeter cartridge was lost on the Soviet rifles of the PPP, and especially PCA. In terms of reliability and production, our machines are also superior to MP 40. Despite this German machine was much loved by German and Soviet soldiers: so, before the advent of PPS, our scouts gave preference to the German machine, appreciating its compactness, light weight and convenience – after all, curb MP 40 weighed a lot easier overall PCA.
So whether Schmeiser?
still the question remains, what part was taken by Hugo Schmeisser in the creation of the MP 40. All glory to the Creator of the legendary machine belongs to Henry Palmero, although the fate of these people are intertwined very closely. Even during the first world Folmer invented a portable hose shop for the machine MP 18, which was born by the hands of the Schmeisser. In turn, the stores usedmye vending machines are patented by the Folmer decision Schmeiser. In 1944 he created the MP41 machine, which is a definite departure away from the traditional MP 40. It was the same machine, only enclosed in a wooden casing. Also MP41 received single mode of fire and increased rate of fire. Unfortunately the wide spread of this machine is not received. One interesting point – the idea of this machine belonged to the notorious Hugo Schmeisser, who even during operation after the war, the Soviet Union has left a whole lot of weapons secrets.
© Russian Seven
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