The main traitors in the history of Russia: what did they do

History 11/03/20 the Main traitors in the history of Russia: they have made

In the history of Russia there were not so many traitors, but they were. These people have broken the oath was high treason, passed a potential enemy state secrets, fought against his own countrymen.

Andrei Vlasov

Andrey Vlasov can be called a General-traitors in Russian history. His name became a household word. Vlasov hated even the Nazis: Himmler called him “defected pig and a fool,” and Hitler disdained to meet him. In 1942, Lieutenant–General Andrei Andreevich Vlasov was the commander of the 2nd shock army and Deputy commander of the Volkhov front.

captured by the Germans, Vlasov deliberate collaboration with the Nazis, gave them secret information, and advised the German military, how to fight against the red army. Vlasov collaborated with Himmler, göring, Goebbels, Ribbentrop, with various senior officials of the Abwehr and the Gestapo. He organized the Russian Liberation Army (ROA) of Russian prisoners of war recruited by the Germans. The troops of the POA participated in the struggle against the guerrillas, looting and executions of civilians, the destruction of entire settlements.

After the surrender of Germany Vlasov was captured by Soviet soldiers, taken to the headquarters of Marshal Konev and the plane sent to Moscow. In 1946 he was convicted of treason and hanged on 1 August.

Andrei Kurbsky

Another Andrew in our ranking — Prince Kurbsky.

It is customary in our days to be called “the first dissident.” Kurbsky was one of the most influential politicians of his time, was part of the “Elected Parliament”, was friends with by Ivan the Terrible. When Ivan IV dissolved Parliament and subjected her to active participants in disgrace and executions, Kurbsky fled to Lithuania.

Today it has been proved that Kurbsky was in correspondence with the Lithuanians even before its oficialnoabout betrayal.

Kurbsky Transition across the border is similar to its dramatic border crossing of Ostap Bender at the end of the novel “the Golden calf”. The Prince arrived at the border a rich man. When it was 30 ducats, 300 gold, 500 silver thalers and 44 of the ruble in Moscow. The money was received from the sale of land, as the estate of boyar confiscated by the Treasury and not from the provincial Treasury; if it were, this fact would have certainly surfaced in the correspondence with Ivan IV. Then where was the money? Obviously, it was Royal gold “30 pieces of silver” Kurbsky.

the Polish king granted Kurbsky several estates and included the members of the Royal Welcome. For the Polish-Lithuanian state Kurbsky was an extremely valuable agent. When he came to Livonia, then immediately gave the Lithuanians the Livonian supporters of Moscow and declassified Moscow’s agents in the Royal court.

From the Lithuanian period of his life Kurbsky known that the Lord was not distinguished by gentleness of manners, and humanism, neither towards others nor towards the far. His neighbors he was often beaten, were taken from their land, and merchants even put in vats of leeches and extorted money from them.

abroad, Kurbsky wrote a political pamphlet “the Story of the great Prince of Moscow”, corresponded with Ivan the Terrible, and in 1565 he participated in the Lithuanian invasion of Russia. Kurbsky in Russia destroyed four province and took many prisoners. After that, he even asked Sigismund to give him 30-thousand army and allowed to go with her to Moscow. As proof of his devotion, Kurbsky said, “I agree that in the campaign he was chained to the cart, front and back surrounded by archers with loaded guns to those immediately shot him, if you notice in this unfaithfulness”. Language Kurbsky owned better than your own honor.

Genrikh Lyushkov

Genrikh Lyushkov was the head of the NKVD in the far East. In 1937, during the beginning of the pre-war Stalinist “purges”, feeling that soon will come for him, decided to flee to Japan.

In an interview with local newspaper “Yomiuri Shimbun” Lyushkov talked about the terrible working methods of the NKVD and confessed himself to be a traitor to Stalin. Career, the traitor continued in Tokyo and Dyrene (Dalian) in razvedochnyh Japanese General staff (the “Bureau for the study of East Asia,” Advisor to the 2nd division of the Kwantung army headquarters).

Former NKVD-schnick gave the Japanese vital information about the Soviet armed forces, composition and deployment of troops of the red army in the far East, spoke about the construction of fortifications, gave the Japanese the Soviet radiology and even encouraged them to start a war with the Soviet Union. Lyushkov “distinguished” by the fact that he personally tortured detainees in Japan of Soviet spies and those that conspired incredibly daring thing — the murder of Stalin. The operation was called “the Bear.”

Lyushkov was called for the elimination of Stalin in one of his residences.

the success of the operation, the Japanese even built a pavilion in full size, copying the Stalin house in Matsesta. Tub Stalin took alone — it was calculation.

But Soviet intelligence was not asleep. Serious help in the detection of the conspirators had the Soviet agent code-named Leo, who worked in Manchzhou Go. In early 1939, while crossing the Turkish-Soviet border near the village of Borçka on the terrorist group opened machine-gun fire, with the result that three were killed, the rest fled. According to one version, Leo was among those killed.

Finished Lyushkov bad. According to one version, after the capitulation of the Kwantung army,19 August 1945 Genrikh Lyushkov was invited to head the military mission Iranskoy Yutaka Takaoka, which encouraged him to commit suicide. Lyushkov refused and was shot Takeomi. According to another version, he was strangled Japanese officers while attempting to exchange it for the son of former Prime Minister of Japan, Prince Konoe.

Viktor Belenko, a

Viktor Belenko, a senior Lieutenant, pilot of the MIG-25 (at the time — a supersonic, for which ohotilis exploration of the world). September 6, 1976, he flew to Japan and asked for political asylum in the United States. After landing Belenko got off the plane, pulled out a gun, shot into the air and demanded to hide the plane.

Later investigation found that Belenko met with representatives of the USA in Vladivostok and had originally planned to land at the American base, but decided not to risk it and landed in Japan. In order to avoid detection by air defenses, were under the radar.

the Aircraft was disassembled and carefully studied the Japanese and American experts, and then returned to the Soviet Union. Belenko was granted political asylum in the United States.

From life in the States, he was delighted. Hitting the first time in a supermarket, said that did not believe, thinking his cast.

the Material damage from act Belenko was estimated at 2 billion rubles. In the Soviet Union had to hastily change the entire instrument recognition system “friend or foe”. In the system of missile launch fighter button appeared, removing the lock on fire on their planes. She was nicknamed “melenkovsky”.

In the USSR, the pilot was sentenced in absentia under article 64 of the RSFSR criminal code for treason and sentenced to capital punishment (death).

Oleg Gordievsky

Oleg Gordievsky, the son of a NKVD officer and a graduate of the Moscow Institute of international relations collaborated with the KGB since 1963.

According to him, he became disillusioned with Soviet policy, therefore, joined the agents of the British MI-6 in 1974 There is a version that Gordievsky passed Soviet the CIA source. May 22, 1985, he was suddenly summoned to Moscow and interrogated with the use of psychotropic properties. However, the Committee was not arrested, but have “under the hood”.

“Cap” was not the most reliable defector managed to escape in the trunk of the Embassy car on 20 July 1985.

That autumn diplomatic scandal erupted when the government of Margaret Thatcher sent Britain more than 30 employees of the Sovietth Embassy undercover. Gordievsky claimed that they were agents of the KGB and the GRU.

he Also accused a number of senior British intelligence services in the work on the Soviet Union. Former KGB Chairman Semichastny stated that “Gordievsky caused by the Soviet security services more harm than even General Kalugin,” and the British historian of intelligence, Cambridge Professor Christopher Andrew has written that Gordievsky was “the largest British intelligence agent in the Soviet intelligence services after Oleg Penkovsky”.

In June 2007 for service to the security of the United Kingdom dedicated to the Order of St Michael and St George Queen Elizabeth II. The order was presented by the Queen herself.

Russian Seven

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