History 02/03/20 Who served in bath and Laundry units in the Great Patriotic
Reading about the great Patriotic war, its heroes and exploits, we do not often find mention of those who played a discreet but important role in the victory of the red Army over the fascist invaders – the laundresses. Meanwhile, they are under fire, in cold and heat, side by side with the soldiers went through the war, from edge to edge.
head Lice as an affliction
at the very beginning of the war, the sanitary-epidemiological situation in the ranks of the red Army was almost catastrophic. Both in the rear and at the front people were suffering from dysentery, typhoid, malaria and other infectious diseases. One of the main reasons for this situation was, no doubt, prevailed everywhere unsanitary conditions. This plague was for the army lice. Lice it carried all sorts of disease and deliver a lot of discomfort, and cootie and all the unbearable pain.
the Soldiers washed clothing using the assistance of the inhabitants of the area in which they were washed in hospitals, and often took care of themselves. However, these actions were irregular, and the quality of washing is poor. Therefore, according to statistics, by the autumn of 1941 on front of head lice has suffered more than 80% of the military personnel.
that is why in February 1942 the State Defense Committee issued a resolution “On measures on prevention of epidemic diseases in the country and the red Army.” In the same month, was formed 2 hundred field Laundry units. It is clear that he served in the predominantly female civilian.
Peeling skin and nails
Laundry field of the laundress mostly used my own hands. Instead of washing machines – trough and ridge Board. I remember as a laundress, from constant contact with detergents and mechanical action on hands peeling skin and butGTI. Yes, and hernia from the hard work were not uncommon.
in order to save the soldiers from the harmful presence of parasites, linen was boiled in cauldrons at the stake, treated with dust, which, incidentally, proved ineffective, and washed with a special soap “To” of insects. But even soap sometimes is not enough. And savvy washerwoman found a way out. In the same way as our ancestors, women used ordinary ash.
underwear and uniforms of soldiers entered the Laundry units are not only parasites, but blood stains and bullet holes. Therefore, this and without that hard work brought more and mental anguish. Washed and cried. The day one woman washes about 80 sets of clothing.
Wash had not only underwear or form, and even dressings for hospitals. Medicines were scarce, so often nurses used the same washed bandages several times.
After the army moved and field Laundry units. This files most often on conventional carts.
Approximately on the 3rd year of the war the rate of infectious diseases has been significantly reduced. And by 1945, the lice on the front at all became a rarity. Certainly, not last role in this was played by the women of the laundress of field teams.
Many of them followed the soldiers of the red Army reached Berlin, and was rightfully awarded with orders and medals for merits before my country.
© Russian Seven
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