Ten years in the ice
Ten years in the ice
© TIME graphics Station Neumayer III
The Neumayer Station III in 2009, replaced its predecessor. Neumayer II was only a few miles from the new location – however, the ice dug in. Since 1981, the German polar researchers work year-round in the Antarctic. In 1992, the Station Neumayer II was inaugurated in 1999, the planning for Neumayer III began on may 20. In February 2009, the new Station went into operation.
© Illustration: Pia Bublies energy (1)
By the wind Turbine is a part of the required current. Most of the energy is derived from Diesel, which is delivered by ship.
Since March 1981 will be continuously data will be collected. Almost daily, the researchers to start measuring balloons, which ascend up to 35 km altitude.
In the summer of Wilson’s visit to storm the Station and play the terns in the air flow underneath.
In case of snow and high wind speeds, disappearing to the horizon, the view range drops to inches. Then hand-lines offer vital guidance.
melting snow (5)
With a Snowcat, the crew of snow slides in an Opening, there he is melted to water. This is so pure, that it is only due to the enrichment with minerals for drinking.
the underground garage (6)
The basement is via a hydraulic valve accessible. The walls are completely made of ice, Neumayer III, operating after 25 to 30 years of time can be completely degraded. The underground garage accommodates the complete fleet of vehicles: snowmobiles, Snowmobiles and Jeeps.
© TIME graph, earthquake (7)
Three seismometers operated by Neumayer III. The data will be incorporated in an international network.
Without Neumayer III would sink in the snow: 16 hydraulic Supports, the Station wear. Each can be individually raised, so that the crew of snow can slide below it. The Station rises in the height, to sink slowly in the snow. Today it stands on a small hill, about nine metres higher than their surroundings.
Outpost: the greenhouse
In the ice is simulated, the All, for instance in the Experiment “Eden ISS”. In the greenhouse tomatoes, Radishes and lettuce grow. Nutrient solution and Magenta light are used as fertilizer.
outer trace substance Observatory
items measured: the concentration of the finest particles (“trace substances”) in the air.
items: Since 2005, the green Container is here. It is a project of the Cologne artist Lutz Fritsch, and in him there is a library and as a working and retreat space for the Crew.
© TIME graphics penguins
just a few kilometres from a large colony of Emperor penguins to hatch. Against the Wind and cold, the animals crowd closely together, in so-called Huddles. An automatic Observatory observed the animals in order to understand the organization of the Huddles.
Long overwintered either purely male or female Teams at Neumayer, today, the Teams are mixed. The nine women and men have to stand through the winter months without replenishment. Between the end of may and end of June, the sun comes over the horizon. The Team for the next Hibernation consists of two female Geophysicists, meteorologists, IT specialists, a Station engineer, a chemist, an electrical engineer, a cook and a surgeon. She runs the Station.
sources for all graphics: Alfred-Wegener-Institute, Helmholtz-centre for Polar – and marine research; the Federal environmental Agency; to do their own research on-the-spot