History 25/03/20 As the death of Stalin changed life in the USSR
March 5, 1953 died Joseph Stalin. His death launched a process of political and cultural sense, which in many ways define our lives today.
debunking the cult as a cult
the Most obvious consequence of Stalin’s death was followed by de-Stalinization, who grew up in the debunking of the cult at the twentieth party Congress. Khrushchev’s speech was only the tip of the iceberg. Such state decisions are not made alone. For Khrushchev it was a lot of party bosses who knew that the cult of Stalin itself is becoming obsolete, and without the cult of the state machine of the USSR did not move. Paradoxically, the Stalinism of the debunking has not diminished, he became more chamber-like.
the Unrest in Budapest
the Death of Stalin identified problematic nodes in international politics. A typical example was the uprising in Budapest in autumn of 1956. Anti-Soviet sentiment in Hungary was extremely strong. The first thing that made the rebels – blaine monuments, pilfered for Souvenirs. They wouldn’t have done that under Stalin, they wouldn’t do that to the XX Congress. People don’t want revolution. People want a better life. When settings are changed, the overthrow of old ideas and old idols. It all ends with blood and an even greater weakening of the state.
the Death of Stalin unleashed not only hands, but also languages. Joseph Brodsky told me that Stalin in the communal apartment where he lived, called him. It is obvious that this memories of childhood, from the childhood in which Stalin was still alive. Stalin’s death opened a new topic, and showed courage in thought and words. The result of this was the phenomenon of “the sixties”. Young people created new art. They, in the years of Stalin’s children, was foreign to the primitive sense of General fear, how the country lived. Took the lead: a talented and tenacious, bright and cunning Yevtushenko, sad youngSha Joseph Brodsky, Bella Akhmadulina passionate and squinting at the beat Andrei Voznesensky. Vzroschenny Akhmatova, which fear before Stalin made insecure woman putting a hair in the book, to keep track of whether a search, the same Joseph Brodsky could not love Stalin. But Stalin did not. You can try to speak openly. It would be nothing to talk about. The sixties was nothing to talk about. They vividly vasalis even in international processes. Yevgeny Yevtushenko in front of anyone just not read the verses from Fidel Castro to American presidents.
the Cold war
the Cold war was unofficially declared during the life of Stalin. Conditional its beginning – Churchill’s Fulton speech, delivered in 1946. The term, coined by Orula, became, however, urgent after Stalin’s death. The tip of his development with the Cuban missile crisis, the cold war was the agony of influence of the Soviet Union. The development gave her, Nikita Khrushchev, bright, eccentric, whet the world with their attacks. After returning from the States in 1959, Khrushchev was so inspired that gathered in Moscow for a rally, which praised the peacefulness of Eisenhower, his political wisdom, integrity and honesty. Under Stalin, this would be simply impossible.
In December 1952, three months before Stalin’s death, by the highest authorities of the CIA compiled a report on “Possible consequences of Stalin’s death and Malenkov coming to power in the USSR.” The production was attracted by the intelligence Department of state Department of the land forces, naval forces, air force and joint chiefs of staff. The report was intended for the narrow circle of senior officials of the country. America was preparing for his death and even then was made the first outline of de-Stalinization. Svetlana Alliluyeva, who emigrated in 1967, lived abroad, mainly with the money earned from writing: the interest of the publishers to the memoirs of Stalin’s daughter was huge.
the Second life
On the cover of Time magazine Stalin was three times, but walks on the Internet does not cover three and four. It is obvious that one of them is false. The one where Stalin black-and-white photos is accompanied by the words “Critics say that his program of collectivization killed millions. He says “No man. No problem.” Is he serious, or joking?”. A phrase Stalin never even said she was taken from the novel by Anatoly Rybakov “children of the Arbat”. The novel was written 60 years, but published only in 1987. Due to the great popularity of Anatoly Rybakov even made the cover of the same Time in 1988. The book was published in 52 countries, and President Reagan even told the words of gratitude to Gorbachev for the publication of the novel. Thus, Stalin’s death was the birth of the second “Stalin” of the simulacrum, existing apart from its original.
Dostoevsky was credited with the phrase “we All came out of Gogol’s overcoat”. No less a cultural phenomenon and became the coat of Stalin. After his death the inventory of his property is not occupied and one page. In it were specified: a notebook, a notebook, a notebook, pipes, books, tunic white – 2 PCs, gray tunic – 2 pieces, the jacket dark green – 2 PCs pants – 10, underwear. “In the bedroom was discovered passbook, it recorded 900 rubles” (for comparison: the average monthly wages and salaries in the country at the time was about 700 rubles). Recently declassified archives of the Lieutenant General Nikolai Vlasik, who has more than 20 years was the chief bodyguard of Stalin. Lived comrade Stalin with his family’s very modest, – said, in particular, in his memoirs. – He walked in the old, much worn coat. I offered the Hope S. (Stalin’s wife Nadezhda Alliluyeva) to make him a new coat, but for this it was necessary to remove the measure or take the old coat and make in the workshop exactly like this. To measure failed, as he flatly refused, saying that new coat he does not need. But PALwe he made”. I wonder not that Vlasic wrote about Stalin in the style “Lenin and the stove-maker”, and the fact that he did it after Stalin’s death and after several years “ottrubil” in the camps.
© Russian Seven
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