History 22/03/20 In any secret bunkers were hiding Hitler during the war
the Bunkers of the Second world war has long been a top-secret objects, the existence of which knew one. But they signed documents to disclose. Today the veil of secrecy over military bunkers ajar.
the “Wolf’s lair”
“Wolfschanze” (it. Wolfsschanze, Rus. “Wolf’s lair”) was the main bunker and the headquarters of Hitler, there was a main rate of the Fuhrer and the command center of the Supreme command of the German armed forces. The German leader spent more than 800 days. From that place directs military actions on the Eastern front.
the Bunker “Wolf’s lair” was located in the forest of Gorlitz, eight kilometers from the town of Rastenburg, East Prussia (now the Polish town Kętrzyn). Its construction was carried out “Organization Todt” in the spring of 1940 until the winter of 1944, the forces of 2-3 thousand workers.
“Wolf’s lair” was not the local bunker, and a system of buried objects in terms of size more like a small city with an area of 250 hectares. Secret area had several levels of access, it was surrounded by towers with barbed wire, minefields, machine-gun and antiaircraft positions. In order to get to the “Wolf’s lair”, it was necessary to pass three security post.
the Clearance of “the Wolf den” army of the people’s Republic of Poland continued until 1956, just sappers was discovered about 54 thousand pounds and 200 thousand ammunition.
To create the effect of understatement of the object from the air the Germans used special grids and layouts of trees, which are periodically updated in accordance with seasonal changes of the landscape. To control the masking of sensitive object photographed from the air.
“Wolf’s lair” in 1944 served 2000 people, from field marshals to the stenographers, and mechanics. In the book “Fall of Berlin” British writer Anthony Beevor claims that the Fuhrer has left the bunker on 10 November 1944. Hitler went to Berlin for an operation on the throat, and on 10 December he moved to “Adlerhorst” (“eagle’s nest”), another secret bet. In July of the same year, for Hitler’s “eagle’s nest” was made an unsuccessful attempt.
the Evacuation of the German command of the “Wolf’s lair” was made at the last moment, three days before the arrival of the red Army. 24 January 1945 Wilhelm Keitel ordered the destruction of the bet. However, easier said than done. The ruins of the bunker can be seen to this day.
Interestingly, although the location of the “Wolf’s lair” American intelligence was known in October 1942, it was not made any attempts to attack Hitler from the air.
“Werewolf” (another name – “Eichenhain” – “Oak grove”) – bunker, located eight kilometers from Vinnitsa, was one of the headquarters of the Supreme command of the Third Reich. Hitler moved the General headquarters and the headquarters of the “Wolf’s lair” on July 16, 1942.
“Werewolf” began in late 1941. The construction was supervised by the same “Organization Todt”, was only built a bunker mostly Soviet POWs, who were later shot. According to local historian, researcher of the history of the rates Yaroslav Branco, the Germans used at this facility 4 086 prisoners. On the memorial to those who died during the construction of the “Werewolf”, established by the highway Vinnytsia-Zhytomyr, appears the figure of 14,000.
the Bunker was a complex of several floors, one of which was on the surface. He operated from the spring of 1942 until spring 1944, when the Germans during the retreat blew all of his communications.
On the territory of the “Werwolf” was located more than 80 ground targets and several deep concrete bunkers. Industry Vinnitsa arranged rates. Specially for Hitler in the “Werewolf” was arranged vegetable farming. ZDit was a powerhouse, a water tower, was located near a small airfield. Defended “Werewolf” a lot of machine-gun and artillery calculations, anti-aircraft guns and fighter aircraft based at Kalinovskaya airfield.
“the Fuhrerbunker” was a complex underground structures located under the Reich Chancellery in Berlin. It was the last resting place of Hitler. Here he and several of the Nazi leaders committed suicide. It was built in two phases in 1936 and 1943.
the Total area of the bunker was 250 square meters and has been divided into 30 rooms of different purposes, from conference rooms to private toilet Hitler.
for the First time, Hitler called for this rate to 25 November 1944. After March 15, 1945, the bunker, he never left, only one got to the surface — April 20 — for rewarding members of the Hitler youth for Soviet tanks lined. Then was produced the last film of the Fuhrer.
© Russian Seven
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